One Health Approach Prospect for Integrated Control and Elimination of Visceral Leishmaniasis in Ethiopia: A Narrative Review Article

  • Tadesse HAILU Mail Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bahir Dar University, P.O.Box 79, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Visceral leishmaniasis, one health approach, Ethiopia, prevention, Integrated control strategy


Background: Leishmaniasis is an obligate intercellular protozoon that affects animals and human. It has zoonosis and/or anthroponosis transmission. Human and veterinary medicine, environmental science and wildlife conservation special­ists have many commonalities in case of visceral leishmaniasis. Still the above disciplines respond against leishmaniasis in a separate way.   The aim of this re­view is to indicate inter- and intra- sectoral collaboration for planning future con­trol strategies.

Methods: literatures written on visceral leishmaniasis and one health approach were systematically reviewed from the year 1969 to 2014 from Pub Med, Scopus, Medline and Google scholar sources.

Result: Such a one health approach would enhance biomedical progress; im­prove medical and veterinary serves, entomological control and wildlife conser­vation for Visceral Leishmaniasis especially in endemic areas.

Conclusion: Inter- and intra – sectoral collaboration in the leishmaniasis con­trol is limited in Ethiopia. Therefore, incorporating one health approach or inte­grated inter- and intra – sectoral collaboration for visceral leishmaniasis control is an effective control strategy in endemic areas.


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How to Cite
HAILU T. One Health Approach Prospect for Integrated Control and Elimination of Visceral Leishmaniasis in Ethiopia: A Narrative Review Article. Iran J Parasitol. 11(1):1-9.
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