Iranian Journal of Parasitology 2017. 12(3):389-397.

Seroprevalence of Human Fasciolosis in Lorestan Province, Western Iran, in 2015-16
Peyman HEYDARIAN, Keyhan ASHRAFI, Mehdi MOHEBALI, Eshrat Beigom KIA, Mojgan ARYAEIPOUR, Ali CHEGENI SHARAFI, Hamid MOKHAYERI, Arezoo BOZORGOMID, Mohammad Bagher ROKNI

Abstract


Background: The aim of this study was the seroepidemiological survey for detecting the status of human fasciolosis in Lorestan Province, western Iran.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015-16. Based on statistical estimations, 1256 serum samples were collected from different parts of Lorestan Province, western Iran, and stored at -20 °C until use. The collected serum samples were analyzed at Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran using indirect ELISA method.

Results: Anti-Fasciola antibodies were detected in 16 (1.3%) individuals. Regarding the seropositivity to fasciolosis, no significant differences were found between age groups, sex, level of education and occupation; however significant differences were observed regarding location, consuming local freshwater plants and water resources (P<0.02.)

Conclusion: Local freshwater plants and unfiltered water resources were probably the main sources of the infection. Health education by local health centers to elevate awareness of people, and providing facilities for safer drinking water, especially in rural areas may help decrease the risk of fasciolosis infection in this region.

Keywords


Fasciolosis, Seroepidemiology, Freshwater plants, Iran

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