Prevalence of Balantidium coli Infection in Bred Rhesus Monkeys (Macaca mulatta) in Guangxi, southern China
Background: Balantidium coli infects humans, primates and pigs, causing serious diarrhea and dysentery. Little information on the prevalence of B. coli in primates is available in China. This investigation was conducted to determine the prevalence of B. coli infection in bred rhesus monkeys in Guangxi Zhuang Nationality Autono-mous Region (GZNAR), southern China.
Methods: A total of 120 fecal samples were collected from rhesus monkeys bred in cages in GZNAR and B. coli cysts and/or trophozoites were examined microscopi-cally after sedimentation with water in May 2013.
Results: 77 (64.2%) samples were tested positive. The prevalence was 65% (39/60) and 63.3% (38/60) in female and male monkeys, respectively. 80% (48/60) cages in this nonhuman primate center were positive for B. coli.
Conclusion: The present survey revealed high circulation of B. coli in bred rhesus monkeys in GZNAR, which poses potential threats to animal and human health.
Schuster FL, Ramirez-Avila L. Current world status of Balantidium coli. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2008;21:626-38.
Yazar S, Altuntas F, Sahin I, Atambay M. Dysentery caused by Balantidium coli in a pa-tient with non-hodgkin's lymphoma from turkey. World J Gastroenterol. 2004;10:458-59.
Bellanger AP, Scherer E, Cazorla A, Gre-nouillet F. Dysenteric syndrome due to Bal-antidium coli: a case report. New Microbiol. 2013;36(2):203-05.
Ferry T, Bouhour D, De Monbrison F, Lau-rent F, Dumouchel-Champagne H, Picot S, Piens MA, Granier P. Severe peritonitis due to Balantidium coli acquired in France. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2004;23:393-95.
Anargyrou K, Petrikkos GL, Suller MT, Ski-ada A, Siakantaris MP, Osuntoyinbo RT, Pangalis G, Vaiopoulos G. Pulmonary Bal-antidium coli infection in a leukemic patient. Am J Hematol. 2003;73:180-83.
Vasilakopoulou A, Dimarongona K, Sama-kovli A, Papadimitris K, Avlami A. Balan-tidium coli pneumonia in an immunocompro-mised patient. Scand J Infect Dis. 2003;35:144-46.
Koopowitz A, Smith P, van Rensburg N, Rudman A. Balantidium coli-induced pulmo-nary haemorrhage with iron deficiency. S Afr Med J. 2010;100(8):534-36.
Sestak K, Merritt CK, Borda J, Saylor E, Schwamberger SR, Cogswell F, Didier ES, Didier PJ, Plauche G, Bohm RP, Aye PP, Alexa P, Ward RL, Lackner AA. Infectious agent and immune response characteristics of chronic enterocolitis in captive rhesus macaques. Infect Immun. 2003;71:4079-86.
Dodd LG. Balantidium coli infestation as a cause of acute appendicitis. J Infect Dis. 1991;163:1392.
Gonzalez SO. Acute appendicitis caused by Balantidium coli. Rev Cubana Med Trop. 1978;30:9-13.
Clyti E, Aznar C, Couppie P, El GM, Carme B, Pradinaud R. A case of coinfection by Balantidium coli and HIV in French Guiana. Bull Soc Pathol Exot. 1998;91:309-11.
Cermeno JR, Hernandez DCI, Uzcategui O, Paez J, Rivera M, Baliachi N. Balantidium coli in an hiv-infected patient with chronic diar-rhea. Aids. 2003;17:941-42.
Maleky F. Case report of Balantidium coli in human from south of Tehran, Iran. Indian J Med Sci. 1998;52:201-02.
Rivasi F, Giannotti T. Balantidium coli in cervico-vaginal cytology. A case report. Pathologica. 1983;75:439-42.
Hinde K. Milk composition varies in relation to the presence and abundance of Balantidi-um coli in the mother in captive rhesus ma-caques (Macaca mulatta). Am J Primatol. 2007;69:625-34.
Tang LD, Liu Y, Tang HW, Tan LX, Luo XG. Investigation of Balantidium coli infec-tion on scaled pig-farms in Hunan. Chinese J Vet Parasitol. 2007;15(2):25-7.
He ZL, Yang JF, Yang LY, Xu LF, Wang CQ, Chen LX. Survey of intestinal parasites in rhesus monkeys. Yunnan Animal Hus-bandry and Veterinary. 2006:42-3.
Lin KQ, Li YS, Zhang RY, Li ZX, Huang XL. Survey of intestinal parasites infected naturally in experimental rhesus monkeys, Fujian. Chinese Journal of Laboratory Ani-mal Science. 1995;5:252.
Hu YC, Chen AC, Chen ZL, Zeng W, Zhang ZH, Wu M, Bi FJ. Intestinal parasites infec-tion of wild Macaca mulatta in Mianyang, Si-chuan Province. Sichuan Journal of Zoolo-gy. 2008;27:1038-40.
Hu YC, Chen ZL, Chen AC, Zeng W, Chen JT. Diagnosis and therapy of Balantidium coli and Shigella mixed infection in rhesus. Ani-mal Husbandry & Veterinary Medicine. 2008;40:86-7.
Bilal CQ, Khan MS, Avais M, Ijaz M, Khan JA. Prevalence and chemotherapy of Balan-tidium coli in cattle in the river Ravi region, Lahore (Pakistan). Vet Parasitol. 2009;-163:15-7.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.