The First Report of Trichinella britovi in Armenia

  • Gohar GRIGORYAN Department of Zoology, Yerevan State University, Yerevan, Armenia
  • Sargis A. AGHAYAN Department of Zoology, Yerevan State University, Yerevan, Armenia
  • Hasmik GEVORGYAN Molecular Parasitology Research Group, Scientific Center of Zoology and Hydroecology, The National Academy of Sci-ences of Armenia, Yerevan, Armenia
  • Alexander MALKHASYAN World Wildlife Fund-Armenia, Yerevan, Armenia
  • Isabelle VALLEE JRU BIPAR, Anses, Alfort Vet School, INRAE, World Animal Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Foodborne Zoonotic Parasites, Laboratory for Animal Health, Maisons-Alfort, France
  • Grégory KARADJIAN Mail JRU BIPAR, Anses, Alfort Vet School, INRAE, World Animal Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Foodborne Zoonotic Parasites, Laboratory for Animal Health, Maisons-Alfort, France
Keywords:
Lynx, Fox, Trichinella britovi, Armenia

Abstract

Background: More than a hundred species of mammals, birds, and reptiles are infected by nematodes of the Trichinella genus worldwide. Although, Trichinella spp. are widely distributed in neighboring countries including Georgia, Azerbaijan, Turkey and Iran, no study was conducted in Armenia since 1980’s.

Methods: In 2017-2018, five muscle samples belonging to Armenian lynx, otter, wild boar, fox and wolf were tested for Trichinella spp. and recovered larvae were identified by multiplex PCR technique.

Results: Twenty-six larvae/gram and one larva/gram were found in lynx and fox samples respectively. They were identified as T. britovi.

Conclusion: So far only two species were identified in Armenia, T. spiralis and T. pseudospiralis, and this is the first time that T. britovi is reported in Armenia.

References

1. Dupouy-Camet J. Trichinellosis: A worldwide zo-onosis. Vet Parasitol. 2000; 93(3–4):191–200.
2. Gottstein B, Pozio E, Nöckler K. Epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, and control of trichinellosis. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2009. 22(1): 127–45.
3. Bessonov AS. Trichinellosis (in Russian). M. - Ko-los. 1976. 335 p.
4. Asatryan AM. Spread and specific composition of Trichinella in Armenia (in Russian). Acad Sci Armen SSR, Inst Zool Zool Pap. 1987; 21:34–9.
5. Pozio E. World distribution of Trichinella spp. infec-tions in animals and humans. Vet Parasitol. 2007; 149(1-2):3–21.
6. European Union. COMMISSION IMPLE-MENTING REGULATION (EU) 2015/1375 of 10 August 2015 laying down specific rules on offi-cial controls for Trichinella in meat (Codification). Official Journal of the European Union. 2015; 212:7–34.
7. Karadjian G, Heckmann A, La Rosa G, et al. Mo-lecular identification of Trichinella species by multi-plex PCR: New insight for Trichinella murrelli. Parasite. 2017; 24:52.
8. Zarlenga DS, Chute MB, Martin A, et al. A multi-plex PCR for unequivocal differentiation of all en-capsulated and non-encapsulated genotypes of Trichinella. International Journal for Parasitology. 1999 Nov; 29(11):1859–67.
9. Pozio E, Darwin Murrell K. Systematics and Epi-demiology of Trichinella. Adv Parasitol. 2006. 63: 367–439.
10. Inci A, Doganay M, Ozdarendeli A, et al. Overview of Zoonotic Diseases in Turkey: The One Health Concept and Future Threats. Turkiye Parazitol Derg. 2018; 42(1):39-80..
11. Altintas N. Parasitic zoonotic diseases in Turkey. Vet Ital. 2008; 44(4):633–46.
12. Mowlavi G, Marucci G, Mobedi I, et al. Trichinella britovi in a leopard (Panthera pardus saxicolor) in Iran. Veterinary Parasitology. 2009; 164(2–4):350–2.
13. Rostami A, Khazan H, Kazemi B, et al. Prevalence of Trichinella spp. Infections in Hunted Wild Boars in Northern Iran. Iran J Public Health. 2017; 46(12):1712–9.
14. Khorozyan IG, Abramov A V. The Leopard, Pan-thera pardus, (Carnivora:Felidae) and its resilience to human pressure in the Caucasus. Zoology in the Middle East. 2007; 41(1):11–24.
15. Shamsian A, Pozio E, Fata A, et al. The Golden jackal (Canis aureus) as an indicator animal for Trichi-nella britovi in Iran. Parasite. 2018; 25:28.
16. Kurashvili BE, Rodonaja TE, Matsaberidze G V, et al. Trichinellosis of animals in Georgia. Wiad Para-zytol. 1970; 16(1):76–7.
17. Potskhveria S, Ghlonty N. Trichinosis in Georgia. J Innov Med Biol. 2011; 4–5:48–56.
18. Shaikenov B, Boev SN. Distribution of Trichinella species in the Old World. Wiadomości Parazytol. 1983; 29(4–6):596–608.
19. Sadykhov IA. Helminths of fur-bearing animals of Azerbaidzhan. (Azerbaidzhani), Baku.(Original not seen.). 1962.
20. Pozio E. New patterns of Trichinella infection. Vet Parasitol. 2001; 98(1-3): 133–48.
Published
2020-09-12
How to Cite
1.
GRIGORYAN G, A. AGHAYAN S, GEVORGYAN H, MALKHASYAN A, VALLEE I, KARADJIAN G. The First Report of Trichinella britovi in Armenia. Iran J Parasitol. 15(3):452-456.
Section
Short Communication(s)