Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Pet Dogs in Anhui Province, China

  • Zhijin SHENG Department of Physical Education, College of Humanistic Medicine, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, China
  • Yu JIN Anhui Provincial Laboratory of Pathogen Biology, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, China AND Anhui Key Laboratory of Zoonoses, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, China AND Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, China
  • Yong YAO Anhui Provincial Laboratory of Pathogen Biology, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, China AND Anhui Key Laboratory of Zoonoses, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, China AND Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, China
  • Saeed El-ASHRAM College of Life Science and Engineering, Foshan University, Foshan, Guangdong Province, China AND Department of Immunology and Parasitology, Faculty of Science, Kafrelsheikh University, Egypt
  • Jijia SHEN Anhui Provincial Laboratory of Pathogen Biology, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, China AND Anhui Key Laboratory of Zoonoses, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, China AND Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, China
  • Xuelong WANG Anhui Provincial Laboratory of Pathogen Biology, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, China AND Anhui Key Laboratory of Zoonoses, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, China AND Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, China
  • Yongsheng JI Mail Anhui Provincial Laboratory of Pathogen Biology, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, China AND Anhui Key Laboratory of Zoonoses, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, China AND Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, China
Keywords:
Toxoplasma gondii, Dogs, Modified agglutination test, Seroprevalence, China

Abstract

Background: Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite, which can infect all nucleated cells in a variety of vertebrate animals, including human, causing toxoplasmosis. Although a number of studies have reported on the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection in dogs in China, however, information about T. gondii infection in pet dogs in Anhui, China is not available.

Methods: The modified agglutination test (MAT) was used to detect antibodies in sera samples from 468 pet dogs at Anhui Province in China from November 2013 to April 2017.

Results: 18.6% animals were T. gondii seropositive, indicating a slightly higher prevalence of T. gondii infection in pet dogs in Anhui, China in comparison with other provinces in China.

Conclusion: Our present study provided epidemiological data on T. gondii seroprevalence in pet dogs in Anhui, China for the effective prevention and control of the parasite prevalence in this area.

References

1. Heavey E, Toxoplasmosis update. Nursing. 2018; 48(7):62-64.
2. Hill D , Dubey JP. Toxoplasma gondii: transmission, diagnosis and prevention. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2002; 8(10):634-40.
3. Li, Z, Sun CY, Yang RD, et al. A Large-Scale Serological Survey of Toxoplasma gondii Infection Among Persons Participated in Health Screening in Yunnan Province, Southwestern China. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2019; 19(6):441-445.
4. Cook AJ, Gilbert RE, Buffolano W, et al. Sources of Toxoplasma infection in pregnant women: European multicentre case-control study. European Research Network on Congenital Toxoplasmosis. BMJ. 2000; 321(7254):142-7.
5. Belanger F, Derouin F, Grangeot-Keros L, et al. Incidence and risk factors of toxoplasmosis in a cohort of human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients: 1988-1995. HEMOCO and SEROCO Study Groups. Clin Infect Dis. 1999; 28(3):575-81.
6. Lindsay DS, Dubey JP, Butler JM, et al. Mechanical transmission of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts by dogs. Vet Parasitol. 1997; 73(1-2):27-33.
7. Zhang H, Zhou DH, Chen YZ, et al. Antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii in stray and household dogs in Guangzhou, China. J Parasitol. 2010; 96(3):671-2.
8. Wang J, Xu WM, Wang H, et al. Toxoplasma gondii infection in pet dogs and owners in Hangzhou. Zhongguo Ji Sheng Chong Xue Yu Ji Sheng Chong Bing Za Zhi. 2014; 32(6):485-6.
9. Wu SM, Huang SY, Fu BQ, et al. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in pet dogs in Lanzhou, Northwest China. Parasit Vectors. 2011; 4:64.
10. Duan G, Tian YM, Li BF, et al. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in pet dogs in Kunming, Southwest China. Parasit Vectors. 2012; 5:118.
11. Yang N, Mu M, Li H, et al. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in pet dogs in Shenyang, northeastern China. J Parasitol. 2013; 99(1):176-7.
12. Yang Y, Zhang Q, Kong Y, et al. Low prevalence of Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in dogs in Jilin, Henan and Anhui Provinces of the People's Republic of China. BMC Vet Res. 2014; 10:295.
13. Dubey JP and Desmonts G, Serological responses of equids fed Toxoplasma gondii oocysts. Equine Vet J. 1987; 19(4):337-9.
14. Qian WF, Yan WC, Wang TQ, et al. Prevalence and genetic characterization of Toxoplasma gondii in pet dogs in Central China. Korean J Parasitol. 2015; 53(1):125-8.
15. Zhu C, Cui L, Zhang L. Comparison of a Commercial ELISA with the Modified Agglutination Test for Detection of Toxoplasma gondii Antibodies in Sera of Naturally Infected Dogs and Cats. Iran J Parasitol. 2012; 7(3):89-95.
16. Liu CW, Yang N, He JB, et al. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in police dogs in Shenyang, Northeastern China. Korean J Parasitol. 2013; 51(5):579-81.
17. Wang Q, Jiang W, Chen YJ, et al. Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies and DNA in dogs in Shanghai, China. J Parasitol. 2011; 97(2):367-9.
18. Li YN, Nie X, Peng QY, et al. Seroprevalence and genotype of Toxoplasma gondii in pigs, dogs and cats from Guizhou province, Southwest China. Parasit Vectors. 2015; 8:214.
19. Li B, Zhong N, Peng W, et al. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in dogs in Sichuan Province, southwestern China. J Parasitol. 2012; 98(1):209-10.
20. Liu Y, He G, Cheng Z, et al. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in dogs in Shandong, Henan, and Heilongjiang Provinces, and in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China. J Parasitol. 2012; 98(1):211-2.
Published
2020-09-12
How to Cite
1.
SHENG Z, JIN Y, YAO Y, El-ASHRAM S, SHEN J, WANG X, JI Y. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Pet Dogs in Anhui Province, China. Iran J Parasitol. 15(3):446-451.
Section
Short Communication(s)