Original Article

Bioinformatic Prediction and Production of Four Recombinant Proteins from Different Developmental Stages of Trichinella spi-ralis and Testing of Their Diagnostic Sensitivity in Mice

Abstract

Background: Trichinellosis is a serious food-borne parasitic zoonosis, thus finding high quality antigens is the key to serodiagnosis of trichinosis. This article reports the characterization and sensitivity of four recombinant proteins expressed by four genes (Wn10, Zh68, T668, and Wm5) from different developmental stages of Trichinella spiralis for the diagnosis of trichinellosis in mice.

Methods: This study was conducted in Jilin University and National Institute of Parasitic Diseases of Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention in 2017-2018. The structures and functions of the proteins encoded by four genes were predicted by bioinformatics analysis. The four genes were cloned and expressed, and the recombinant proteins were purified. Anti-Trichinella IgM and IgG antibodies in the sera of mice infected with T. spiralis from 1-45 d post-infection (dpi) were evaluated by ELISA.

Results: The optimal antigen epitopes of four proteins (P1, P2, P3, and P4) encoded by the four genes from T- and B-cells were predicted, and four purified recombinant proteins (r-P1, r-P2, r-P3, and r-P4) were successfully produced. For IgM, the antibody levels detected by the four recombinant antigens were approximately equal to the cut-off value. Anti-Trichinella IgG antibodies were first detected by r-P1 at 8 dpi, followed by r-P2, r-P3, and r-P4 at 10 dpi, 14 dpi, and 16 dpi, respectively, and the antibody levels remained high until 45 dpi.

Conclusion: The recombinant antigens r-P1, r-P2, r-P3, and r-P4 could be antigens that react with antibodies, they showed high sensitivity in the detection of anti-Trichinella IgG antibodies in mice. Among these proteins, r-P1 may be a candidate antigen for the detection of anti-Trichinella IgG antibodies in the early infection phase and exhibited the best sensitivity among the antigens.

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IssueVol 16 No 1 (2021) QRcode
SectionOriginal Article(s)
Published2021-02-17
DOI https://doi.org/10.18502/ijpa.v16i1.5531
Keywords
Trichinella spiralis Genes Recombinant protein Bioinformatics analysis Diagnostic characteris-tics ELISA

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How to Cite
1.
ZHAI C-C, LIU X-L, BAI X, JIA Z-J, CHEN S-H, TIAN L-G, AI L, TANG B, LIU M-Y, WU X-P, CHEN J-X. Bioinformatic Prediction and Production of Four Recombinant Proteins from Different Developmental Stages of Trichinella spi-ralis and Testing of Their Diagnostic Sensitivity in Mice. Iran J Parasitol. 16(1):122-135.