First Report of Joyeuxiella spp. Infection in Eurasian Lynx and Its Histopathology Study from Iran: A Case Report
According to the last information of IUCN Red List, Eurasian lynx has been endangered since 2010. The population of this animal is heavily affected by infectious parasites. Two adult Eurasian lynx (one male and one female) were illegally hunted and found dead in Parvar National Park, Semnan Province, Iran. After the autopsy, the tissue and parasite samples were collected from gastrointestinal tract and transferred to 70% alcohol. Samples were recovered and identified as Joyeuxiella spp. Sonsino, 1889. Tissue samples were taken from the place of sticking of parasites on the intestinal wall, for histopathological examination, and were transferred to 10% buffered formalin. Following routine processes and H&E staining, the slides were examined microscopically. Main histopathological observations were epithelial hyperplasia and destruction, inflammatory cell infiltration in mucosa and submucosa of jejunum. To the best of the author’s knowledge, this is the first report and histopathological study of Joyeuxiella spp. in the world in Eurasian lynx.
2. Jackson P. "The status of cats in the wild." International Zoo Yearbook ; 1997. 35(1): 17-27.
3. Nowak, R. M. Walker's mammals of the world, JHU Press ; 1999 Apr 7.
4. Odden J, Linnell JDC, Andersen R. Diet of Eurasian lynx, Lynx lynx, in the boreal forest of southeastern Norway: the relative importance of livestock and hares at low roe deer density. European Journal of Wildlife Research. 2006 ; 52: 237-244.
5. Valdmann H, Moks E, Talvik H. Helminth fauna of Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) in Estonia. J Wildl Dis. 2004; 40(2): 356-360.
6. Szczęsna J, Popiołek M, Schmidt K, et al. Coprological study on helminth fauna in Eurasian Lynx (Lynx lynx) from the Białowieża Primeval Forest in eastern Poland. J Parasito. 2008; 94(4): 981-984.
7. Schmidt-Posthaus H, Breitenmoser-Wörsten C, Posthaus H, et al. Causes of mortality in reintroduced Eurasian lynx in Switzerland. J Wildl Dis. 2002 ;38(1):84-92.
8. Papazoglou L. G, Diakou A, Patsikas M. N, et al. Intestinal pleating associated with Joyeuxiella pasqualei infection in a cat.Vet Rec. 2006; 159(19): 634- 635.
9. Jones A. A revision of the cestode genus Joyeuxiella Fuhrmann, 1935 (Dilepididae: Dipylidiinae). Systematic Parasitology. 1983 ; 5: 203-213.
10. Yamaguti S. Systema Helminthum. vol. II. The cestodes of vertebrates. Systema helminthum. Vol. II. The Cestodes of Vertebrates; 1959.
11. Andrén H, Linnell JDC, Liberg O, et al. Survival rates and causes of mortality in Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) in multi-use landscapes. Biological Conservation. 2006 ;131(1): 23–32.
12. Schmidt-Posthaus H, Breitenmoser- Wörsten C, Posthaus H, et al. Causes of mortality in reintroduced Eurasian lynx in Switzerland. J Wildl Dis. 2002 ;38(1): 84-92.
13. Changizi E, Mobedi I, Salimi-Bejestani M. R, Rezaei-Doust A. Gastrointestinal helminthic parasites in stray cats (Felis catus) from north of Iran. Iran J Parasitol. 2007 ; 2(4): 25-29.
14. Bahrami AM, Shamsi M. Zoonotic Parasitic infections of cats in human community: A histopathological Study. J Bas Res Med Sci. 2015; 2(3): 49-56.
15. Parsa F, Vosoghi H, Razani M. Study of intestinal parasite of stray dog in Lorestan province of Iran. Adv Environ Biol. 2014 ; 27-29.
16. Nabavi R, Manouchehri Naeini K, Zebardast N, et al. Epidemiological Study of Gastrointestinal Helminthes of Canids in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province of Iran. Iran J Parasitol. 2014; 9(2): 276-281.
17. Sadighian A. Helminth parasites of stray dogs and jackals in Shahsavar area, Caspianregion, Iran. J Parasitol. 1969; 55:372-4.
18. Calvete C, Lucientes J, Castillo JA, et al. Gastrointestinal helminth parasites in stray cats from the mid-Ebro Valley, Spain. Vet Parasitol. 1998; 75(2-3): 235-240.
19. Schuster R. K, Thomas K, Sivakumar S, et al. The parasite fauna of stray domestic cats (Felis catus) in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Parasitol Res. 2009 ;105(1): 125-134.
20. Al-Obaidi Q. Prevalence of Internal Helminthes in Stray Cats (Felis catus) in Mosul City, Mosul-Iraq. J Anim Vet Adv. 2012; 11(15): 2732–2736.
21. Al-Rubaie ARL, Mhaisen FT, Al-Tae ARA. Survey of Some Gastrointestinal Cestodes and Nematodes from Stray Cats at Baghdad City, Iraq. Ame J Biol Life Sci. 2015 ; 3(6): 246–253.
22. El-Azazy OME, Abdou NEMI, Khalil AI, et al. Cestodes and Nematodes Recorded in Stray Cats in Kuwait. Global Veterinaria. 2016; 16 (1): 111-118.
23. El-Shabrawy M.N, Imam E.A. Studies on cestodes of domestic cats in Egypt with particular reference to species belonging to genera Diplopylidium and Joyeuxiella. J Egypt Vet Med Assoc. 1978; 38:19-27.
24. Daoud IS, Al-Tae ARA, Salman YJ. Prevalence of gastrointestinal helminthes in cats from Iraq. J Biol Sci Res. 1988; 19:363-8.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.