Ectoparasites and Endoparasites of New Zealand White Rabbits from North West of Iran

  • Nasser HAJIPOUR Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
  • Mohammad ZAVARSHANI Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, Iran
Keywords:
Ectoparasite, Endoparasite, Parasitic zoonosis, Rabbit

Abstract

Background: Rabbits contain several parasites that can be harmful to their health as well as human being’s health due to the probability of causing parasitic zoonosis. The present research was designed to study ectoparasites and endoparasites of New Zealand White rabbits in North West of Iran and potential risks of parasitic zoonosis for researchers and owners. Methods: Totally, 50 rabbits were purchased from rabbit sellers and breeders in suburbs of Urmia and Tabriz between Jul and Dec 2016. The rabbits were assessed for ectoparasites by hair brushing, skin scraping, acetate tape preparation and othic swabs. They were euthanized and inspected for helminths and protozoa infection. Faecal sampling was carried out directly from recti and the oocysts or cysts were isolated using sedimentation and floatation techniques and the sporulated oocyst were identified based on morphological. Results: The following parasites, with their respective prevalence; Nematoda: Passalurus ambigus 54%, Trichostrongylus retortaeformis 42%, Nematodirus leporis 32%, Cestoda: Cysticercus pisiformis 26%, Protozoa: Eimeria steidae 44%, E. magna 30%, E. media 12% and Arthropoda: Sarcoptes scabiei 18% and Cheyletiella parasitivorax 38%. No significant difference was recorded in infection rate between male and female rabbits. Conclusion: Both domestic and wild rabbits are a potential source of human parasitic zoonosis, and strict hygienic practices are recommended during and after handling rabbits or in case of exposure to their feces.

References

1. Catchpole J, Norton C. The species of Eimeria in rabbits for meat production in Britain. Parasitology. 1979; 79(2):249-57.
2. Mian LS. Arthropod Borne Diseases. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 2017; 33(2):166.
3. Al-Mathal EM. Hepatic Coccidiosis of the Domestic Rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus domesticus L.) in Saudi Arabia. WJZ. 2008;3(1):30-5.
4. Bowman DD. Georgis' Parasitology for Veterinarians-E-Book: Elsevier Health Sciences; 2014.
5. El-Shahawi G, El-Fayomi H, Abdel-Haleem H. Coccidiosis of domestic rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) in Egypt: light microscopic study. Parasitol Res. 2012;110(1):251-8.
6. Elshahawy I, Elgoniemy A. An Epidemiological Study on Endoparasites of Domestic Rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) in Egypt with Special Reference to Their Health Impact. Sains Malays. 2018;47(1):9-18.
7. Frank R, Kuhn T, Mehlhorn H, et al. Parasites of wild rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) from an urban area in Germany, to worldwide results. Parasitol Res. 2013;112(12):4255-66.
8. Motamedi G, Moharami M, Paykari H, et al. A survey on the gastrointestinal parasites of rabbit and guinea pig in a laboratory animal house. Arch Razi Inst. 2014;69(1):77-81.
9. Sohail Sajid M, Ahsan N M, Kausar A, et al. Sarcoptes scabiei (Acari: Sarcoptidae) infestation in rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus): A case study. Rev Colomb Entomol. 2017;43(1):51-4.
10. Sürsal N, Gökpinar S, Yildiz K. Prevalence of intestinal parasites in hamsters and rabbits in some pet shops of Turkey. Turki J Parazitol. 2014;38(2):102-5.
11. Szkucik K, Pyz-Lukasik R, Szczepaniak KO, et al. Occurrence of gastrointestinal parasites in slaughter rabbits. Parasitol Res. 2014;113(1):59-64.
12. Yakhchali M, Tehrani A. Eimeriidosis and pathological findings in New Zealand white rabbits. J Biol Sci. 2007;7(8):1488-91.
13. Soulsby EJL. Helminths, arthropods and protozoa of domesticated animals. Philadelphia: Lea and Febiger; 1982.
14. Arbabi M, Hooshyar H. Gastrointestinal parasites of stray cats in Kashan, Iran. Trop Biomed. 2009;26(1):16-22.
15. Yagoob G, Hossein H. Prevalence rate of endoparasites in wild rabbits of East-Azerbaijan Province, Iran. Ann Biol Res. 2011;2:31-5.
16. Chowdhury A, Fraser G. Coccidia (Eimeria spp.) of domestic rabbits in New South Wales. Aust Vet J. 2008;86(9):365-6.
17. Tanideh N, Sadjjadi S, Mohammadzadeh T, et al. Helminthic infections of laboratory animals in animal house of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences and the potential risks of zoonotic infections for researchers. Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2010;12(2):151-157.
18. Eslami A, Changizy E, Moghadam M. Prevalence of helminth infections in the cape hare (Lepus capensis) in Iran. Vet Res Commun. 2000;24(7):455-8.
19. Dalimi A, Mobedi I. Helminth parasites of carnivores in northern Iran. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 1992;86(4):395-7.
20. Razavi S, Oryan A, Rakhshandehroo E, et al. Eimeria species in wild rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) in Fars province, Iran. Trop Biomed. 2010;27:470-5.
21. Raue K, Heuer L, Böhm C, et al. 10-year parasitological examination results (2003 to 2012) of faecal samples from horses, ruminants, pigs, dogs, cats, rabbits and hedgehogs. Parasitol Res. 2017;116(12):3315-30.
22. Tehrani A, Yakhchali M, Beikzadeh B, et al. Prevalence of rabbit hepatic coccidiosis in northwest of Iran. Arch Razi Inst. 2013;68(1):65-9.
23. Prakash MA, Soundararajan C, Nagarajan K, et al. Sarcoptic mange infestation in rabbits in an organized farm at Tamil Nadu. J Parasit Dis. 2017;41(2):429-32.
24. Abu-Samra M, Imbabi S, Mahgoub E. Mange in domestic animals in the Sudan. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 1981;75(6):627-37.
Published
2020-06-08
How to Cite
1.
HAJIPOUR N, ZAVARSHANI M. Ectoparasites and Endoparasites of New Zealand White Rabbits from North West of Iran. Iran J Parasitol. 15(2):266-271.
Section
Short Communication(s)