Marshallagia marshalli Antigen Strengthens Dendritic Cell Medi-ated T Lymphocyte Regulation on Asthmatic Patients

  • Fatemeh HEMATI Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
  • Majid MIRSADRAEI Department of Clinical Sciences, Mashhad Azad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
  • Milad HEMATI Atherosclerosis Prevention Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
  • Hadi MOHEBALIAN Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
  • Hassan BORJI Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
Keywords:
Marshallagia marshalli, Dendritic cells, T-Lymphocytes, Asthma

Abstract

Background: The current study was conducted to investigate the antigenic effect of Marshallagia marshalli on the treatment of asthma by measuring the secreted inhibitory cytokine. Methods: Case patients and controls were selected from clinics in Mashhad, Khorasan Razavi Province, Northeastern Iran in 2017-18. In this experimental study, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated from 15 patients with asthma and 10 healthy controls and were cultured. PBMCs were then converted to tolerogenic DCs through exposure to GM-CSF, IL-4 and M. marshalli antigen. Then, tolerogenic DCs were exposed to autologous T cells for five days and finally, the level of secreted TGF-β1 was measured. Results: The mean TGF-β1 level in the control and control groups was 210.2 ± 8.2 and 225.4 ± 6.1 pq/ml, respectively. The results showed that TGF-β1 levels in both groups significantly increased in both groups (P<0.001). In addition, TGF-β1 levels in the case group were significantly higher than the control group (P<0.001). Conclusion: M. marshalli antigen increase the level of TGF-β1 and can create antigen-bearing dendritic cells and shift T lymphocytes to the regulatory type. This parasite can be used in dendritic cell therapy to control allergic diseases.

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Published
2020-03-09
How to Cite
1.
HEMATI F, MIRSADRAEI M, HEMATI M, MOHEBALIAN H, BORJI H. Marshallagia marshalli Antigen Strengthens Dendritic Cell Medi-ated T Lymphocyte Regulation on Asthmatic Patients. Iran J Parasitol. 15(1):40-47.
Section
Original Article(s)