Original Article

Investigation of the Prevalence of Fasciola hepatica in Small Ruminants in the Siirt Region, Turkey


Background: Fasciolosis is a disease of the liver caused by trematodes in the family of Fasciolidae, particularly by Fasciola hepatica and Fasciola gigantica. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of F. hepatica in sheep using the ELISA method, and in hair goats by post-mortem liver examination in the Siirt region, Turkey.

Methods: This study was conducted between Feb-Sep 2018. Five ml of blood samples were taken from the jugular veins of 320 sheep, which were selected from various locations of Siirt region by random sampling method. Fasciolosis seroprevalence in sheep was investigated by the ELISA method, using commercial kits (BIOK 211-Monoscreen AB ELISA F. hepatica test). In order to determine the prevalence of fasciolosis in hair goats, 580 slaughtered goats were examined for F. hepatica by incisions in the liver, gallbladder, and bile ducts.

Results: While 24 (7.50%) sheep were seropositive, 296 (92.50%) were seronegative. Regarding the hair goats, on the other hand, 82 (14.14%) were positive, while 498 (85.86%) were negative.

Conclusion: F. hepatica infection causes significant economic losses due to the destruction of the liver in small ruminants. Considering zoonotic properties of the disease, it has been concluded that the necessary measures should be taken and anti-helminthic drugs should be applied to the animals that come out of the pasture. Furthermore, periodic examinations should be conducted, and the breeders should be informed about the disease to raise awareness.

1. Ahmed E, Markvichitr K, Tumwasorn S, Koonawootrittriron S, Choothesa A, Jit-tapalapong S. Prevalence of Fasciola spp. infections of sheep in the Middle awash River Basin, Ethiopia. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2007; 38 (Suppl.1): 51-57.
2. Karapınar A, Yıldırım A, Bişkin Z, Düzlü Ö, İnci A. The Investigation of Fasciolosis in Sheep by Coproantigen ELISA and Sedimentation-Zinc Sulphate Flotation Technique around Zara Region (Turkey). Kafkas Üniv Vet Fak Derg. 2012; 18: 7-12.
3. Khoramian H, Arbabi M, Osqoi MM, Delavari M, Hooshyar H, Asgari M. Preva-lence of ruminants fascioliasis and their economic effects in Kashan, center of Iran. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed. 2014; 4 (11): 918-22.
4. Yavuz A, İnci A, Yıldırım A, İça A, Düzlü Ö. Distribution of Fasciola hepatica in Cattle. Erciyes Üniv Sağlık Bilim Derg. 2007; 16: 96-102.
5. Batmaz H. Koyun ve Keçilerin İç Has-talıkları. Semptomdan Tanıya, Tanıdan Sağaltıma.: Nobel Tıp Kitabevi;2013.
6. Celik OY, Sayın-İpek DN, Aslan-Celik B, Irak K, Akgül G. Investigation of Sero-prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in cattle in Siirt province in Turkey. Indian J Anim Res. 2018; 52 (7): 1053-7.
7. Irak K, Celik BA, Karakoc Z, Çelik ÖY, Mert H, Mert N, Kaya MO. Oxi-dant/Antioxidant Status, PON1 and ARES Activities, Trace Element Levels, and Histological Alterations in Sheep with Cystic Echinococcosis. Iran J Parasitol. 2018; 13 (3): 448-56.
8. Caya H. Prevalence of of Helminth Infec-tion of the Liver in Small Animals Slaugh-tered in the Adana Province. AVKAE Derg. 2012; 2 (2): 12-7.
9. Soundararajan C, Kumar RA, Raman M, Iyue M. Prevalence of fasciolosis in sheep in Nilgiris. Indıan J Anim Res. 2000; 34 (1): 73-4.
10. Öge H, Gönenç B. Tanı. In Tınar R, Korkmaz M (Eds.), Fasciolosis İzmir: The Turkish Society for Parasitology. 2003 pp. 135-41.
11. Meteoroloji. Turkish State Meteorological Service. Thornthwaite climate classification. (1938-2017). 2018 [cited 2018 08.25]; https://goo.gl/ud7dBK
12. Adanır R, Çetin H. Prevalence of Liver Flukes in Sheep Slaughtered in Antalya Abbattoir. MAE Vet Fak Derg. 2016; 1 (1): 15-20.
13. Kaplan M, Başpınar S. Incidence of Fasci-olosis in Animals Slaughtered in Elâzığ during Last Five Years Period and its Economic Significance. Fırat Med J. 2009; 14 (1): 025-7.
14. Sahin T. Investigation of some trace ele-ment levels and biochemical parameters in sheep with endoparasite. YYU Health Sci-ence Institute, PhD. Thesis, Van, Turkey. 2000:
15. Acici M, Buyuktanir O, Bolukbas CS, Pekmezci GZ, Gurler AT, Umur S. Sero-logic detection of antibodies against Fascio-la hepatica in sheep in the middle Black Sea region of Turkey. J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2017; 50 (3): 377-81.
16. Biçek K, Değer S. The Prevalence of Liver Fluke in Sheep and Goats Slaughtered in Tatvan Abbattoir. Van Vet J. 2005; 16 (1): 41-3.
17. Değer S, Akgül Y, Ağaoğlu Z, Taşçı S. In-vestigations on the Ecology and Epidemi-ology of Fascioliasis Infections Resulting from Fasciola gigantica in and Around Van. Van Vet J. 1992; 3 (1-2): 133-40.
18. Gargılı A, Tüzer E, Gülenber A, Toprak M, Efil İ, Keleş V, Ulutaş M. Prevalence of liver fluke infections in slaughtered animals in Trakya (Thrace), Turkey. Turk J Vet Anim Sci. 1999; 23 (2): 115-6.
19. Gıcık Y, Arslan M, Kara M, Akça A. The prevalence of Liver flukes in Sheep Slaugh-tered in Kars Province. Kafkas Üniv Vet Fak Derg. 2002; 8 (2): 101-2.
20. Gül A, Aydın A. Prevalence of Liver Flukes in Hair Goats Slaughtered in Hakkâri (Yüksekova) Province. Turkiye Parazitol Derg. 2008; 32 (4): 334-6.
21. Kara M, Gicik Y, Sari B, Bulut H, Arslan M. A slaughterhouse study on prevalence of some helminths of cattle and sheep in Malatya Province, Turkey. JAVA. 2009; 8 (11): 2200-5.
IssueVol 13 No 4 (2018) QRcode
SectionOriginal Article(s)
Sheep Hair Goat Fasciola hepatica Turkey

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
How to Cite
ÇELİK Özgür Y, ÇELİK BA. Investigation of the Prevalence of Fasciola hepatica in Small Ruminants in the Siirt Region, Turkey. Iran J Parasitol. 2018;13(4):627-631.