Parasites of Some Freshwater Fish from Armand River, Chaharmahal va Bakhtyari Province, Iran
Background: The aim of this study was to detect the occurrence of parasites in fish in Armand River, Chaharmahal va Bakhtyari Province regarding the importance of native fish population in the river.
Methods: The occurrence of parasites was investigated in 6 native fish (Capoeta capoeta, C. damascina, C. aculeta, Barbus barbulus, B. grypus and Glyptothorax silviae) collected from the current main channel of the river from autumn 2009 to summer 2010.
Results: 63.7 % of the studied fishes were infected with 19 parasite species including Ichthyophthirius multifiliis, Myxobolus musayevi, Dactylogyrus lenkorani, D. gracilis, D. pulcher, D. chramuli, D. akaraicus, D. skrjabiensis, two species of Gyrodactylus, Paradiplozoon sp., Lamproglena compacta, Copepodid of Lernaea cyprinacea, Ergasilus sp., Allocreadium isoporum, Allocreadium pseudaspii, Kawia sp., Bothriocephalus gowkongensis and Rhabdochona denudata. The infection rate was significantly higher (P<0.05) in C.aculeata while the maximum parasite diversity was found in C.damascina. The infection rate was also significantly different in four seasons (P<0.05) but no significant differences were found among fishes with different weight and length.
Conclusion: High prevalence of Ichthyophthirius multifiliis and Rhabdochona denudata may affect native fish population. Monogenean parasites Dactylogyrus akaraicus and D. skrjabiensis collected from B. barbulus and C. capoeta are reported for the first time in Iran. B. barbulus is also reported as a new host for aforementioned parasites.
Bychowsky BE.Monogenetic trematodes of some fish of Iran collected by E.N. Pavlowsky. Kamchatka Peninsula: Trudy Zoologicheskovo Instituta Akademii Nauk; 1949 (In Russian).
Pazooki J, Masoumian M, Jafari N. Checklist of Iranian fish parasites. Tehran: Iranian Fisheries Research Organization; 2006 (In Persian).
Coad BW. A provisional, annotated checklist of the freshwater fishes of Iran. J BombayNatHist Soc. 1980; 76(1):86-105.
Ghorbani H. Identification of fishes in important rivers of Chaharmahal & Bakhtyari Province: Kyar, Beheshtabad, Armand, Khersan and Choghakhor Lagoon. Animal ScienceResearch Center; 1999 (In Persian).
Gussev AV. Key to parasites of freshwater fishes of the USSR. In: Bauer ON, editor. Monogenea. Moscow: Nauka Publications; 1985. p. 87-99.
Lom J, Dykova I. Protozoan Parasites of Fishes (Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science). Amsterdam: Elsevier Science; 1992.
Kabata Z. Copepoda and Branchiura. In: Margolis L, Kabata Z, editors. Guide to the Parasites of Fishes of Canada. Part 2, Crustacea: Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences; 1988. p. 81-96.
Jalali B. Parasites and parasitic diseases of Iran's fresh water fishes. Tehran: Iranian Fisheries Research Organization; 1997 (In Persian).
Moravec F. Nematodes of freshwater fishes of the Neotropical region. Prague: Academia; 1998.
Bazari Moghaddam S, Mokhayer B, Masoumzadeh M, Shenavar Masouleh A, Jalilpour J, MasoumzadehM, AlizadehM. Parasitic infection among larvae and fingerlings of the Persian sturgeon (Acipenser persicus) in Vniro tanks and earthen ponds. Iran J Fish Sci. 2009; 9(3): 342-351.
Pennycuick L. Differences in the parasite infections in three-spined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus L.) of different sex, age and size. Parasitology. 1971; 63(3): 407-418.
Takemoto RM, Pavanelli GC, LizamaMAP, Lacerda ACF, Yamada FH, Moreira LHA, Ceschini TL, Bellay S.Diversity of parasites of fish from the Upper Parana River floodplain, Brazil. Brazil JBiol. 2009; 69(2): 691-705.
Bichi AH, Ibrahim AA. A Survey of Ecto and Intestinal Parasites of Tilapia Zillii (Gervias) In Tiga Lake, Kano, Northern Nigeria. Bayero J Pure App Sci. 2009; 2(1): 79- 82.
Imam TS, Dewu RA. Survey of piscine ecto- and intestinal parasites of clarias species sold at Galadima Road Fish Market, Kano metropolis, Nigeria Biosci Res Comm. 2010; 22(4): 209-214.
Buchmann K, Lindenstrom T. Interaction between monogenean parasites and their fish host. Int J Parasitol. 2002; 32(3): 309-319.
Mortezaei SRS, Pazooki J, Masoumian M. Nematodes from fresh water fishes of Khouzestan Province. Pajoohesh va Sazandegi. 2007; 77: 2-7 (In Persian).
Raissy M, Ansari M, Lashkari A, Jalali B. Occurrence of parasites in selected fish species in Gandoman Lagoon. Iran J Fish Sci. 2010; 9(3): 17-21.
Raissy M, Ansari M, Moumeni M. ParasiteM Fauna of the Zagros Tooth-Carp, Aphanius vladykovi Coad, 1988 (Osteichthyes: Cyprinodontidae), in Gandoman Lagoon. Comp Parasitol. 2011; 78(1): 104-106.
WurtsbaughWA, Tapia RA. Mass mortality in Lake Titicaca (Peru-Bolivia) associated with the protozoan parasite Ichthyophthirius multifiliis. Trans AmFish Soc. 1988; 117(1): 213-217.
|Issue||Vol 7 No 1 (2012)|
|Fish Parasites Species Epidemiology Iran|
|Rights and permissions|
|This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.|