Carnivores as Important Reservoirs of Intestinal Helminthic Infections in Mazandaran Province, Northern Iran
Background: Intestinal parasites are the most common causes of gastrointestinal disease in canine. Stray dogs and wild candies can represent potential reservoirs of enteropathogens to other hosts. Therefore, present study determined the prevalence of intestinal parasites in canine in Mazandaran Province, northern, Iran.
Methods: Overall, 58 small intestinal samples of animals (42 stray dogs and 16 jackals) were collected from Oct 2012 to Dec 2013. The intestine contents were studied to detect and identify helminth infections. Then, the helminths were collected and their morphological traits were identified.
Results: Overall among infected stray dogs and jackals, 11 species were found. Three species of nematodes, seven species of cestodes and one trematode were observed. The prevalence of gastrointestinal helminths of stray dogs and jackals were 59.5% and 50%, respectively. Among registered zoonotic helminths A. caninum was the predominant parasite both stray dogs and jackals. Interestingly, Spirometra spp. was reported in these animals. Moreover, A. caninum showed a higher percentage rate in center region of province.Conclusion: There are the clear risks of zoonotic helminths parasites infection in this region. Therefore, understanding the epidemiology of zoonotic parasite infection is useful for health care access both domestic animals and humans health.
Blagburn BL, Lindsay DS, Vaughan JL et al. Prevalence of canine parasites based on fecal flotation. The Compendium on continuing education for the practicing veterinarian (USA). 1996.
Habluetzel A, Traldi G, Ruggieri S, Attili AR, Scuppa P, Marchetti R, Menghini G, Esposito F. An estimation of Toxocara canis prevalence in dogs, environmental egg contamination and risk of human infection in the Marche region of Italy. Vet Parasitol. 2003; 113(3-4):243-52.
Chomel BB, Sun B. Zoonoses in the bedroom. Emerg Infect Dis. 2011; 17(2):167-72.
Dubná S, Langrová I, Nápravník J, Jankovská I, Vadlejch J, Pekár S, Fechtner J. The prevalence of intestinal parasites in dogs from Prague, rural areas, and shelters of the Czech Republic. Vet Parasitol. 2007; 145(1-2):120-8.
Meslin FX. Zoonoses in the world: current and future trends. Schweiz Med Wochenschr. 1995; 125(18):875-8.
Dalimi A, Sattari A, Motamedi G. A study on intestinal helminthes of dogs, foxes and jackals in the western part of Iran. Vet Parasitol. 2006; 142(1-2):129-33.
Zare-Bidaki M, Mobedi I, Ahari SS, Habibizadeh S, Naddaf S, Siavashi M. Prevalence of zoonotic intestinal helminths of canids in Moghan plain, Northwestern Iran. Iran J Parasitol. 2010; 5(2):42-51.
Gholami Sh, Mobedi E, Ziaei H, Sharif M. Intestinal helminthes parasites in Dog and Jackal in different areas Sari in the year 1992-1993. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. 2000; 9(22-23):1-12 (In Persian).
Gholami I, Daryani A, Sharif M, Amouei A, Mobedi I. Seroepidemiological survey of helminthic parasites of stray dogs in Sari City, northern Iran. Pak J Biol Sci. 2011; 14(2):133-7.
Fontanarrosa MF, Vezzani D, Basabe J, Eiras DF. An epidemiological study of gastrointestinal parasites of dogs from Southern Greater Buenos Aires (Argentina): age, gender, breed, mixed infections, and seasonal and spatial patterns. Vet Parasitol. 2006; 136(3-4):283-95.
Eguia-Aguilar P, Cruz-Reyes A, Martínez-Maya J. Ecological analysis and description of the intestinal helminths present in dogs in Mexico City. Vet Parasitol. 2005;127(2):139-46.
Papazahariadou M, Founta A, Papadopoulos E, Chliounakis S, Antoniadou-Sotiriadou K, Theodorides Y. Gastrointestinal parasites of shepherd and hunting dogs in the Serres Prefecture, Northern Greece. Vet Parasitol. 2007;148(2):170-3.
Schantz P. Intestinal parasites of dogs in Western Australia: progress in control and new concerns. Vet J. 1999;157(3):222-4.
Minnaar WN, Krecek RC, Fourie LJ. Helminths in dogs from a peri-urban resource-limited community in Free State Province, South Africa. Vet Parasitol. 2002; 107(4):343-9.
Agudelo C, Villareal E, Cáceres E et al. Human and dogs Toxocara canis infection in a poor neighborhood in Bogota. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 1990; 85(1):75-8.
Traub RJ, Robertson ID, Irwin PJ, Mencke N, Thompson RC. Canine gastrointestinal parasitic zoonoses in India. Trends Parasitol. 2005; 21(1):42-8.
Esfandiari B, Youssefi M, Ziapour S, Fard SH, Abouhosseini M, Espeh-Kolaie MA. Evaluation of Hydatid Cyst Surgeries in Northern Iran (Mazandaran Province) During 2001-2007. J AVet Adv. 2010;9(7):1128-30.
Meshgi B, Eslami A, Bahonar A, Kharrazian-Moghadam M, Gerami-Sadeghian A. Prevalence of parasitic infections in the red fox (Vulpes vulpes) and golden Jackal (Canis aureus) in Iran. Iran J Vet Res. 2009;10(4):387-91.
Sarvi S, Daryani A, Sharif M, Rahimi MT, Azami D, Marhaba Z, Ahmadpour E, Mizani A. Domestic dog as a human health hazard in north of Iran. J Parasit Dis. 2014: 40(3):930-4.
Pullola T, Vierimaa J, Saari S, Virtala AM, Nikander S, Sukura A. Canine intestinal helminths in Finland: prevalence, risk factors and endoparasite control practices. Vet Parasitol. 2006; 140(3-4):321-6.
Fang F, Li J, Huang T, Guillot J, Huang W. Zoonotic helminths parasites in the digestive tract of feral dogs and cats in Guangxi, China. BMC Vet Res. 2015;11:211.
Jeon HK, Park H, Lee D, Choe S, Kim KH, Huh S et al. Human infections with Spirometra decipiens plerocercoids identified by morphologic and genetic analyses in Korea. Korean J Parasitol. 2015; 53(3):299-305.
|Issue||Vol 13 No 2 (2018)|
|Carnivores Reservoirs Intestinal helminthic Iran|
|Rights and permissions|
|This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.|