Transfusion-Transmitted Malaria in Iran: A Narrative Review Article
Background: Malaria is the most important transfusion-transmitted infection (TTI) in worldwide after viral hepatitis and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The main objective of the present study was to review and evaluate the transmission of malaria via blood transfusion in Iran.
Methods: A literature search was done without time limitation in the electronic databases as follows: PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, Web of Science, Science Direct, scientific information database (SID), Magiran, IranMedex and Irandoc. The searches were limited to the published papers to English and Persian languages.
Results: Six papers were eligible. From 1963 to 1983, 344 cases of Transfusion-transmitted malaria (TTM) had been reported from different provinces of Iran. The most prevalent species of involved Plasmodium in investigated cases of TTM was Plasmodium malariae (79.24%). The screening results of 1,135 blood donors for malaria were negative by microscopic examination of peripheral blood smears and rapid diagnostic test (RDT) methods.Conclusion: Lack of TTM report from Iran in the last three decades indicates that the screening of blood donors through interviewing (donor selection) may be effective in the prevention of the occurrence of transfusion-transmitted malaria.
World Health Organization. World Malaria Report 2014. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2014. Available from: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/144852/2/9789241564830_eng.pdf.
Woolsey G. Transfusion for pernicious anaemia: Two cases. Ann Surg. 1911; 53:132-5.
Mungai M, Tegtmeier G, Chamberland M, Parise M. Transfusion transmitted malaria in the United States from 1963 through 1999. N Engl J Med. 2001; 344(26):1973-8.
Kitchen AD, Chiodini PL. Malaria and blood transfusion. Vox Sang. 2006; 90(2):77-84.
Owusu-Ofori AK, Betson M, Parry CM, Stothard R, Bates I. Transfusion-transmitted malaria in Ghana. Clin Infect Dis. 2013; 56(12):1735-41.
Bruce-Chwatt LJ. Transfusion malaria revisited. Trop Dis Bull. 1982; 79(10):827-40.
Bruce-Chwatt LJ. Transfusion associated parasitic infections. Prog Clin Biol Res. 1985; 182:101-25.
Nahlen BL, Lobel HO, Cannon SE, Campbell CC. Reassessment of blood donor selection criteria for United States travellers to malarious areas. Transfusion. 1991; 31(9):798-804.
Reesink HW. European strategies against the parasite transfusion risk. Transfus Clin Biol. 2005; 12(1):1-4.
Bruce-Chwatt LJ. Blood transfusion and tropical disease. Trop Dis Bull. 1972; 69(9):825-62.
Kitchen AD, Barbara JAJ, Hewitt PE. Documented cases of post-transfusion malaria occurring in England: a review in relation to current and proposed donor-selection guidelines. Vox Sang. 2005; 89(2):77-80.
Chattopadhyay R, Majam VF, Kumar S. Survival of Plasmodium falciparum in human blood during refrigeration. Transfusion. 2011; 51(3):630-5.
Grant DB, Perinpanayagam MS, Shute PG, Zeitlin RA. A case of malignant tertian (Plasmodium falciparum) malaria after blood-transfusion. Lancet. 1960; 2(7148):469-70.
Seed CR, Kitchen A, Davis TM. The current status and potential role of laboratory testing to prevent transfusion-transmitted malaria. Transfus Med Rev. 2005; 19(3):229-40.
Dover AS, Guinee VF. Malaria transmission by leukocyte component therapy. JAMA. 1971; 217(12):1701-2.
Garfield MD, Ershler WB, Maki DG. Malaria transmission by platelet concentrate transfusion. JAMA. 1978; 240(21):2285-6.
Wylie BR. Transfusion transmitted infection: viral and exotic diseases. Anaesth Intensive Care. 1993; 21(1):24-30.
Elghouzzi MH, Senegas A, Steinmetz T, Guntz P, Barlet V, Assal A, et al. Multicentric evaluation of the DiaMed enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay malaria antibody test for screening of blood donors for malaria. Vox Sang. 2008; 94(1):33-40.
Mollison PL, Engelfriet CP, Contreras M. Blood transfusion in clinical medicine. 10th ed. Oxford: Blackwell Science Ltd; 1997.
Shulman IA. Parasitic infections and their impact on blood donor selection and testing. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 1994; 118(4):366-70.
Slinger R, Giulivi A, Bodie-Collins M, Hindieh F, John RS, Sher G, et al. Transfusion-transmitted malaria in Canada. CMAJ. 2001; 164:377-9.
Boyd MF. Epidemiology of malaria. In: Boyd MF, editor. Malariology. Philadelphia & London: WB Saunders Co; 1949. p. 551-607.
World Health Organization. Screening donated blood for transfusion transmissible infections: recommendations. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2010. Available from: http://www.who.int/bloodsafety/ScreeningTTI.pdf.
Okwa OO. The status of malaria among pregnant women: a study in Lagos, Nigeria. Afr J Reprod Health. 2003; 7(13):77-83.
Fugikaha E, Fornazari PA, Penhalbel RSR, Lorenzetti A, Maroso RD, Amoras JT, et al. Molecular screening of Plasmodium sp. asymptomatic carriers among transfusion centers from Brazilian Amazon region. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo. 2007; 49(1):1-4.
Sadrizadeh B. Malaria in the world, in the Eastern Mediterranean Region and in Iran: review article. WHO/EMRO Report. 2001; 1:1-13.
Edrissian GhH. Blood transfusion induced malaria in Iran. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1974; 68(6):491-3.
Edrissian GhH. Transfusion-transmitted malaria in Iran. J Med Counc Iran. 1985; 9(5):314-23 [In Persian].
Edrissian GhH. Induced malaria. J Med Counc Iran. 1975; 4(6):472-9 [In Persian].
Moghtadaei M, Edrissian GH, Amini Kafiabad S, Samiei Sh, Keshavarz H, Nateghpoor M. Application and evaluation of PCR in detection of malaria in donors of transfusion centers in Sistan-Baloochestan province in 2002. Sci J Iran Blood Transfus Organ. 2005; 2(4):105-14 [In Persian].
Sanei Moghaddam E, Khosravi S, Pousharifi M, Jafari F, Moghtadaei M. Malaria screening of blood donor in Zahedan. Sci J Iran Blood Transfus Organ. 2011; 8(3):165-73 [In Persian].
Hassanpour G, Mohebali M, Raeisi A, Abolghasemi H, Zeraati H, Alipour M, et al. Detection of malaria infection in blood transfusion: a comparative study among real-time PCR, rapid diagnostic test and microscopy. Parasitol Res. 2011; 108(6):1519-23.
Cheesbrough M. District laboratory practice in tropical countries, Part 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 1998.
Choudhury N. Transfusion transmitted infections: How many more? Asian J Transfus Sci. 2010; 4(2):71-2.
Manouchehri AV, Zaim M, Emadi AM. A review of malaria in Iran, 1975-90. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 1992; 8(4):381-5.
Edrissian GhH. Malaria in Iran: Past and present situation. Iran J Parasitol. 2006; 1(1):1-14.
Azizi MH, Nayernouri T, Bahadori M. The history of the foundation of the Iranian national blood transfusion service in 1974 and the biography of its founder; professor Fereydoun Ala. Arch Iran Med. 2015; 18(6):393-400.
Pourfathollah AA, Hosseini Divkolaye NS, Seighali F. Four decades of national blood service in Iran: outreach, prospect and challenges. Transfus Med. 2015; 25(3):138-43.
Cheraghali AM. Overview of blood transfusion system of Iran: 2002-2011. Iran J Public Health. 2012; 41(8):89-93.
Maghsudlu M, Nasizadeh S, Abolghasemi H, Ahmadyar S. Blood donation and donor recruitment in Iran from 1998 through 2007: ten years' experience. Transfusion. 2009; 49(11):2346-51.
Abolghasemi H, Maghsudlu M, Amini Kafiabad S, Cheraghali A. Introduction to Iranian blood transfusion organization and blood safety in Iran. Iran J Public Health. 2009; 38(Suppl 1):82-7.
Hemami MR, Sari AA, Raeisi A, Vatandoost H, Majdzadeh R. Malaria elimination in Iran, importance and challenges. Int J Prev Med. 2013; 4(1):88-94.
|Issue||Vol 11 No 2 (2016)|
|Transfusion-transmitted malaria Blood transfusion Donors Screening Iran|
|Rights and permissions|
|This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.|