Human Hydatidosis/Echinococosis in North Eastern Iran from 2003-2012
AbstractBackground: Human cystic echinococcosis (hydatidosis) continues to be an essential cause of morbidity and mortality in many parts of the world.Methods: We studied hydatid cyst pattern in hospitalized adult patients from 2003 to 2012 in Mashhad and Neyshabour, northeast of Iran.Results: Overall, 1342 patients, 711 females (53%) and 631 males (47%) diagnosed as infected with hydatid cyst were evaluated. Their age was between 1 and 91 yr (mean age 37.75). The most affected age group was 20-30 yr old. Totally, 953 cases (71%) were urban and 375 cases (27.8%) were rural residents. The most common localization of cysts was the liver and lung. The housewives were the most frequently infected occupations.Conclusion: The rate of infection with hydatid cyst is high in Mashhad, northeast of Iran, and the incidence of human hydatidosis tends to increase in recent years so control and prevention programs are recommended.
Grosso G, Gruttadauria S, Biondi A, Marventano S, Mistretta A. Worldwide
epidemiology of liver hydatidosis including the mediterranean area. World J Gasteroenterol. 2012;18(13):1425-37.
Moro P, Schantz PM. Echinococcosis: A review.Int J Infect Dis.2009;13(2):125-133.
Roberts L, Janovy J. Foundation of parasitology, 5th. WCB Company, UK. 2000:347-410.
Rojo-Vazquez FA, Pardo-Lledias J, Francos-Von Hunefeld M, Cordero-Sanchez M, Alamo-Sanz R, Hernandez-Gonzalez A, Brunetti E, Siles-Lucas M. Cystic echinococcosis in Spain: Current situation and relevance for other endemic areas in europe. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2011;5(1):e893.
Jahangir A, Taherikalani M, Asadolahi K, Emaneini M. Echinococcosis/hydatidosis in Ilam province, western Iran. Iran J Parasitol. 2013;8(3):417-22
Mandal S, Deb Mandal M. Human cystic echinococcosis: Epidemiologic, zoonotic, clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic aspects. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2012;5(4):253-260.
Karimi A, Asadi K, Mohseni F, Hossein Akbar M. Hydatid cyst of the biceps femoris muscle (a rare case in orthopedic surgery). Shiraz E-Med J. 2011;12(3):150-4.
Nourjah N, Sahba G, Baniardalani M, Chavshin A. Study of 4850 operated hydatidosis cases in Iran. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2004;35(Supp1):218-222.
Reyes MM, Taramona CP, Saire-Mendoza M, Gavidia CM, Barron E, Boufana B, Craig PS, Tello L, Garcia HH, Santivañez SJ. Human and canine echinococcosis infection in informal, unlicensed abattoirs in Lima, Peru. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2012;6(4):e1462.
Akhlaghi L, Massoud J, Housaini A. Observation on hydatid cyst infection in Kordestan province (west of Iran) using epidemiological and seroepidemiological criteria. Iran J Public Health. 2005;34(4):73-75.
Mousavi SR, Samsami M, Fallah M, Zirakzadeh H. A retrospective survey of human hydatidosis based on hospital records during the period of 10 years. J Parasit Dis. 2012;36(1):7-9.
Vejdani M, Vejdani S, Lotfi S, Najafi F, Nazari N, Hamzavi Y. Study of operated primary and secondary (recurrence) hydatidosis in hospitals of Kermanshah, west of islamic republic of Iran. East Mediterr Health J. 2013;19(7):671-5.
Hajizadeh M, Ahmadpour E, Sadat A, Spotin A. Hydatidosis as a cause of acute appendicitis: A case report. Asian Pac J Trop Dis. 2013;3(1):71-73.
Geramizadeh B. Unusual locations of the hydatid cyst: A review from Iran. Iran J Med Sci. 2013;38(1):2-14.
Rokni M. Echinococcosis/hydatidosis in Iran. Iran J Parasitol. 2009;4(2):1-16.
Craig PS, McManus DP, Lightowlers MW, Chabalgoity JA, Garcia HH, Gavidia CM, Gilman RH, Gonzalez AE, Lorca M, Naquira C, Nieto A, Schantz PM. Prevention and control of cystic echinococcosis. Lancet Infect Dis. 2007;7(6):385-394.
Parsa F, Haghpanah B, Pestechian N, Salehi M. Molecular epidemiology of Echinococcus granulosus strains in domestic herbivores of lorestan, Iran. Jundishapur J Microbiol. 2011;4(2):123-130.
Ziaei H, Fakhar M, Armat S. Epidemiological aspects of cystic echinococcosis in slaughtered herbivores in Sari abattoir, north of Iran. J Parasit Dis. 2011;35(2):215-218
Berenji F, Mirsadraei S, Asaadi L, Maroufi A, Fata A.Shahi M. A case report of alveolar echinococcosis. Med J Mashad Univ Med Sci. 2007;50(97):354-357.
Rokni Yazdi H, Sotoudeh H, Shargh H, Yazdabadi A. A case of primary adductor muscle hydatidosis:" Water-lily sign" on
magnetic resonance imaging. Iran J Radiol. 2007;4(4):223-226.
Hajipirloo HM, Bozorgomid A, Alinia T, Tappeh KH, Mahmodlou R. Human cystic echinococcosis in west Azerbaijan, northwest Iran: A retrospective hospital based survey from 2000 to 2009. Iran J Parasitol. 2013;8(2):323-326.
Dopchiz MC, Elissondo MC, Rossin MA, Denegri G. Hydatidosis cases in one of mar Del plata city hospitals, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop. 2007;40(6):635-639.
Neghina R, Neghina AM, Marincu I, Iacobiciu I. Epidemiology and epizootology of cystic echinococcosis in Romania 1862–2007. Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2010;7(6):613-618.
McManus DP, Zhang W, Li J, Bartley PB. Echinococcosis. Lancet. 2003;362(9392):1295-1304.
Uraiqat AA, Al-Awamleh A. Hydatid cyst in the muscles: A case report. JRMS. 2010;17(Supp1)72-74.
Salem COA, Schneegans F, Chollet J, Et Jemli M. Epidemiological studies on echinococcosis and characterization of human and livestock hydatid cysts in mauritania. Iran J Parasitol. 2011;6(1):49-57.
Caremani M, Maestrini R, Occhini U, Sassoli S, Accorsi A, Giorgio A, Filice C. Echographic epidemiology of cystic hydatid disease in Italy. Eur J Epidemiol. 1993;9(4):401-404.