Iranian Journal of Parasitology 2013. 8(4):641-644.

Prevalence and Rate of Parasitemia of Haemoproteus columbae in Columba Iiviadomesticain Southwest of Iran.
Amir Dehghani Samani, Khodadad Pirali Kheirabadi, Azam Dehghani Samani

Abstract


 

Background: Parasites affect the health and productivity of birds. Haemoproteus columbae occurs in pigeons widely in tropical and subtropical regions. The present investigation was concentrated on the prevalence of H. columbae and rate of para-sitemia in domestic pigeons in southwest of Iran.

Methods: Pigeons regimented in three groups, less than six months old, between six and twenty four months old and more than twenty four months old.Then stained blood smears were studied for presence of H. columbae and finally rate of parasitemia in every group calculated.

Results: Mature and immature stages of H. columbae gametocytes were found in 24% of blood smears prepared from 100 healthy domestic pigeons. Mean of para-sitemia in infected pigeons was 9.58%. Mean size of macrogametocytes was 4μm×15μm and mean size of microgametocytes was 3μm×12μm. Mean of para-sitemia in infected females was more than males and pipers. Mean of parasitemia in infected old pigeons (pigeons with more than twenty four months old) was more than pigeons with less than six months old and pigeons between six and twenty four months old.

Conclusion: This study show the prevalence and rate of parasitemia in domestic pigeons in southwest of Iran. We should be care about this parasite in pigeons by knowing the prevalence and high risk groups.

Keywords


Domestic pigeons; Ectoparasite; Haemoproteus columbae; Iran

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bennett GF. Companion bird medicine. Edited by E.W. Burr. Ames: Iowa State University Press; 1987.

Springer WT. Other blood and tissue protozoa, in Diseases of Poultry, edited by M.S. Hofstad, 6th edition. Ames: Iowa State University press; 1972.

Soulsby EJL. Genus Haemoproteus Kruse in Helminths, Arthropods and Protozoa of Do-mesticated Animals, 7th edition, London: Bailliere Tindall; 1986. p. 700-706.

Zinkl JG. Avian Haematology, in Schalm's Veterinary Haematology. 4th edition, edited by N.C. Jain. Philadelphia: Lea &Febiger; 1986. p. 256-273.

Soulsby EL. Helminths, Arthropods and Pro-tozoa of Domesticated Animals. 7th Edition. Bailliere Tindall: London; 1982. p. 56-80.

Pontes TC. Available at http://www.pragasurb anas/pombos.htm, accessed on July 27. 2006.

Qureshi MI, Sheikh AH. Studies on blood pro-tozoan parasites of poultry in Lahore District. Pakistan J Sci. 1978; 30: 165-167.

Aguirre A, Mena A, Barnett L. Epizootiological considerations of Haemoproteus infections of pigeons. Rev Avi. 1986; 30: 275-281.

Mandour AM, Abdel RhamanAM, Abdel Sa-lem FA. A toxoplasma (Lankesterella) colum-bae sp. nov.in the domestic pigeon Columba livia in Assiut Province (with one figure). Vet Med J. 1986; 17: 95-97.

Stabler R, Kitzmiller M, Braun NJ. Blood para-sites from band-tailed pigeons. J Wildlife Man-age. 1977; 41: 128-130.

Kaminjolo J, Tikasingh S, Ferdinand ES. Para-sites of the common pigeon (Columba livia) from the environs of port of Spain, Trinidad. B Anim H Pro.1988; 36: 194-195.

Subbiah TV, Joseph SA. A note on the occur-rence of Trypanasomahanne in the blood of the domestic pigeon, Columba Livia. Cheiron.1988; 17: 136-139.

Youssefi MR, Gerami AS, Esfandiari B. Preva-lence of Haemoproteus columbae Infection in Co-lumba Liviain North of Iran. World J Zoo.2010; 54: 275-277.

Adlard RD, Peirce MA, Lederer R. Blood para-sites of birds from southeast Queensland. Or-nithol. 2004; 104: 191-196.

Rodrigusz OA, Matta NE. Blood parasites of birds from eastern plains of Colombia. Memo-rias Institute of Oswaldo Cruz.2001; 96: 1173-1176.

Shurulikov P, Golemansky V. Haemoproteids (Haemosporidia: Haemoporteifdae) of wild birds in Bulgaria. Acta Protozool.2002; 41: 359-374.

Garvin MC, Remsen JV, Bishop F. Hematozoa from passeriform birds in Louisiana. J Parasi-tol.1993; 79: 318-321.

Murata K. Prevalence of blood parasites in Japanese Wild Birds. J Vet Med Sci. 2002; 64: 785-790.

Valkiunas G, Iezhova TA, Brooks DR. Addi-tional observations on blood parasites in Costa Rica. J Wild1ife Dis. 2004; 40: 555-561.

Deviche P, Greiner EC, Manteca X. Interspe-cific variability of prevalence in blood parasites of adult passerine birds during the breeding sea-sons in Alaska. J Wildlife Dis. 2001; 37: 28-35.

Paperna I. Haemoproteus Cloumbae infection of feral pigeons in Singapore and Israel. Raf-fless B Zool. 2002; 50: 281-286.

Yunus G, Arsalan M. Blood parasites of wild pigeons in Ankara District. Turkish J Vet Anim Sci. 2001; 25: 169-172.

Luis RP, Alarcon DS, Merkel J, Miller RE, Par-ker PG. Survey for Haemoproteous spp., Trichomo-nas galinae, Chlamydophil a Psittaci and Salmonela spp. In Galapagos Islands Columbiformes. J Zoo Wildlife Med. 2004; 35: 60-64.

Dranzoa C, Ocaido M, Katete P. The ecto- gastro-intestinal and haemo-parasites of live pi-geons (Columba livia) in Kampala, Uganda. Avi-an Pathol.1999; 28: 119-124.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.