Iranian Journal of Parasitology 2015. 10(3):473-481.

Seroepidemiological Study of Toxocariasis among Volunteers Animal Husbandry Workers and Veterinary in Southern Anatolia in Turkey in 2014
Hamdi SOZEN, Burak E CITIL, Selmin CAYLAK, Aysegul A GOKMEN, Selçuk KAYA, Mustafa DEMIRCI, Metin KORKMAZ, Cem SAHIN, Ismail KIRLI

Abstract


Background:Human toxocariasis is a parasitic infection caused by the larvae of Toxocaracanis. We examine the Toxocara seroprevalance in veterinarians and animal husbandry workers living in the Mugla Province, Turkey to evaluate better the risk factors for Toxocara exposure.

Methods: In 2014, 376 volunteers participated in the study in 2014. All blood specimens were tested using a commercial enzyme immunoassay kit and ELISA positive samples were confirmed by Western Blot (WB) method.

Results: The seroprevalence of Toxocara, as determined by WB, was 8%. A statistically significant correlation was evident between patient age and Toxo­cara positivity among animal husbandry workers (P = 0.029). A strong associa­tion was also evident between sex and seropositivity in the animal husbandry group (P=0.024). Veterinarians working in pet clinics did in fact exhibit higher Toxocara seropositivities relative to those of other groups (P = 0.029). A statisti­cally significant difference was detected between the rural geographic areas surveyed (P = 0.04).

Conclusion: In Mugla Province, seroprevalence of Toxocara is lower than other regions. Despite the low seroprevalence observed, especially in high risk professions toxocariasis remains an important medical concern within the region. 


Keywords


Toxocara; Seroprevalence; Veterinary; Animal husbandry workers; Turkey

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