Malaria and Anemia among Children in a Low Resource Setting In Nigeria

  • BH Oladeinde Department of Medical Microbiology, College of Health Sciences, Igbinedion University, Okada, Edo State, Nigeria
  • R Omoregie School of Medical Laboratory Sciences, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Edo State, Nigeria
  • M Olley Department of Pathology, Igbinedion University Teaching Hospital, Okada, Edo State, Nigeria
  • JA Anunibe Department of Pathology, Igbinedion University Teaching Hospital, Okada, Edo State, Nigeria
  • AA Onifade Department of Chemical Pathology, College of Health Sciences, Igbinedion University, Okada, Edo State, Nigeria AND Faculty of Health & Social Care, St George’s University of London & Kingston University London
  • OB Oladeinde Department of Obstetrics and Gyneacology, Irrua Specialist Hospital, Irrua Edo State. Nigeria
Keywords: Malaria, Anemia, Insecticide treated bed nets, Rural community, Nigeria

Abstract

Background: This study aimed at determining the prevalence of malaria and anemia among child­ren in rural community of Okada, Edo State Nigeria, as well as to assess the level of use of Insecti­cide treated bed nets and its impact on prevalence of malaria and anemia among study population.Methods: Thick blood films from 226 children with signs and symptoms of malaria in Okada commu­nity were stained and examined for presence of malaria parasites. Hemoglobin concentra­tion of all children was also determined using standard method.Result: A total of 185 (81.9%) children were infected with malaria parasite. Malaria parasitaemia was significantly affected by age (P =0.003). A significantly higher number of positive cases of malaria and anemia was observed in rainy season as compared to dry season (P<0.05). The prevalence of anemia in children was 47.3%. Malaria was a risk factor for development of anemia in children (OR=2.551; 95% CI=1.227, 5.305; P=0.015). Use of insecticide treated bed nets was recorded in 11(4.9%) of children studied, and did not significantly reduce the prevalence of malaria and anemia. However among malaria parasite infected children, its use significantly reduced the prevalence of anemia (OR=0.126; 95%CI = 0.015, 1.047; P= 0.031).Conclusion: Malaria and anemia among children was high malaria intervention progammes by rele­vant agencies is strongly advocated.

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How to Cite
1.
Oladeinde B, Omoregie R, Olley M, Anunibe J, Onifade A, Oladeinde O. Malaria and Anemia among Children in a Low Resource Setting In Nigeria. Iran J Parasitol. 7(3):31-37.
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