Immunogenicity of Multi-epitope Vaccine Candidate against Toxoplasma gondii Infection in BALB/c Mice

  • Khalid HAJISSA Dept. of Zoology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Omdurman Islamic University, Omdurman, Sudan Dept. of Medical Microbiology Parasitology, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Ku-bang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia
  • Robaiza ZAKARIA Dept. of Medical Microbiology & Parasitology, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Ku-bang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia
  • Rapeah SUPPIAN Biomedicine Program, School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kuban Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia
  • Zeehaida MOHAMED Dept. of Medical Microbiology & Parasitology, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Ku-bang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia
Keywords: Toxoplasma gondii, Multiepitope peptide, SAG1, GRA2, GRA7, Vaccine

Abstract

Background: Toxoplasma gondii is a widely prevalent intracellular protozoan parasite which causes serious clinical and veterinary problems. Development of an effective vaccine for controlling toxoplasmosis is an extremely important aim. In the present study, the protective efficacy of recombinant multiepitope antigen (USM.TOXO1) expressing nine potential epitopes identified from SAG1, GRA2, and GRA7 of Toxoplasma gondii was evaluated in BALB/c mice.Methods: Mice were immunized subcutaneously with three doses of USM.TOXO1 antigen (10 µg/ml). Following the immunization, the IgG antibody, IgG subclass, IFN-γ and IL-4 production were evaluated using ELISA, the study was conducted at Animal Research and Service Center (ARASC), USM Health Campus in 2016.Results: Mice immunized with USM.TOXO1 significantly induced a mixed Th1/Th2 response polarized toward the IgG1 antibody isotype. While the cytokine analysis revealed a significant release of IFN-γ cytokines.Conclusion: USM.TOXO1 is a potential vaccine candidate that elicits strong immunity in BALB/c mice. The proven immunogenicity of the generated antigen can serve as a premise for further use of epitope-based vaccine in the immunoprevention of human and animal toxoplasmosis.

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Published
2018-06-25
How to Cite
1.
HAJISSA K, ZAKARIA R, SUPPIAN R, MOHAMED Z. Immunogenicity of Multi-epitope Vaccine Candidate against Toxoplasma gondii Infection in BALB/c Mice. IJPA. 13(2):215-24.
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Original Article(s)