Cystic Echinococcosis: A Rare Case of Brain Localization

  • Ali BARADAN BAGHERI Dept. of Surgery, Shahid Madani Hospital, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
  • Mohammad ZIBAEI Dept. of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
  • Mehdi TAYEBI ARASTEH Dept. of Anesthesiology, Shahid Bahonar Hospital, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
Keywords: Echinococcosis, Hydatid cyst, Brain, Surgery

Abstract

Although Hydatid disease eradicated in many countries, it is still widespread in communities where agriculture is dominant. Cystic hydatidosis is significant public health problem in the regions with endemic echinococcosis. The hydatid cysts tend to form mostly in the liver or lung. Brain involvement is very rare. In the present report, we describe magnetic resonance imaging findings in an 18-yr-old male with cerebral echinococcosis, in Shahid Madani Hospital, Karaj, Iran in 2015. The patient, presented with headache, hemiparesis, impairment of speech, vomiting, and nausea. Computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and surgical exploration proved a cyst in the superior portion of left temporal lobe. Pathological examination showed it to be a solitary primary cerebral hydatid cyst. 

References

Moro P, Schantz P. Echinococcosis: a review. Int J Infect Dis. 2009;13:125-133.

Capoğlu I, Unüvar N, Erdogan F, Yilmaz O, Caydere M. A hydatid cyst of the thyroid gland. J Int Med Res. 2002;30:206-209.

Rokni MB. The present status of human helminthic diseases in Iran. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2008;102:283-295.

Kires DA,Karabacakoglu A, Odev K, Karakose S. Uncommon locations of hydatid cysts. Acta Radiol.2003;44:622-636.

Tuzun M, Hekimoglu B. Hydatid disease of the CNS: imaging features. Am J Roentgenol. 1998;171:1497–1500.

Binesh F, Mehrabanian MR, Navabii H. Primary brain hydatidosis. BMJ Case Rep. 2011; 2011:bcr0620103099.

Onal C, B arlas O, Orakdogen M, et al. Three unusual cases of intracranial hydatid cyst in the pediatric age group. Pediatr Neurosurg. 1997;26:208-213.

Guzel A, Tatli M, Maciaczyk J, Altinors N. Primary cerebral intraventricular hydatid cyst: a case report and review of the literature. J Child Neurol. 2008;23:585–588.

Kizilca O, Altas M, Senol U, Alp-Oztek M. Hydatid Disease Located in the Cerebellomedullary Cistern. Case Rep Med. 2014; 2014: 271365.

Shukla-Dave A, Gupta RK, Roy R, et al. Prospective evaluation of in vivo proton MR spectroscopy in differentiation of similar appearing intracranial cystic lesions. Magn Reson Imaging. 2001;19:103-110.

Prousalidis J, Tzardinoglou K, Sgouradis L, Katsohis C, Aletras H. Uncommon sites of hydatid disease. World J Surg. 1998;22:17-22.

Senapati SB, Kumar Parida D, Pattajoshi AS, Kumar Gouda A, Patnaik A. Primary hydatid cyst of brain: Two cases report. Asian J Neurosurg. 2015;10:175-176.

Menku A, Kurtsoy A, Tucer B, et al. Calcified cerebral hydatid cyst following head trauma: case report. Turk Neurosurg. 2004;14:36-40.

Published
2017-02-27
How to Cite
1.
BARADAN BAGHERI A, ZIBAEI M, TAYEBI ARASTEH M. Cystic Echinococcosis: A Rare Case of Brain Localization. Iran J Parasitol. 12(1):152-155.
Section
Case Report(s)