Zoonotic and Non-zoonotic Parasites of Wild Rodents in Turk-man Sahra, Northeastern Iran

  • Monireh GHOLIPOURY Faculty of Fisheries and Environment, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran
  • Hamid Reza REZAI Faculty of Fisheries and Environment, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran
  • Somayeh NAMROODI Faculty of Fisheries and Environment, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran
  • Fatemeh ARAB KHAZAELI Department of Parasitology Faculty of Veterinary Medicine University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Keywords: Rodents, Zoonotic parasite, Non-zoonotic parasite, Iran

Abstract

Background: This study was conducted to collect informative data on the parasitic infection of wild rodents, emphasizing on finding parasites, which have medical importance to human.Methods:  During 2012-2014, a total number of 91 wild rodents were captured from rural areas of Turkmen Sahra, Golestan Province, using handmade traps. Animals were anesthetized, surveyed for any ectoparasite and then their carcasses were carefully dissected for examination of endoparsites.Results: Four species of rodents including Mus musculus (52.75%), Rattus norvegicus (38.46%), Rhombomys opimus (4.40%) and Meriones libycus (4.40%) were captured. Parasitic infestation was detected in 38.5% of sampled rodents. Parasite infestation rates of sampled rodents was Hymenolepis diminuta = 7.7%, Cryptosporidium spp = 6.6%, Trichuris spp.= 5.5%, Cysticercus fasciolaris = 2.20%, Angiostrongylus spp.= 2.20%, Capillaria sp.= 1.09%, Rhipicephalus spp. = 8.70%, Nosopsyllus fasciatus = 1.09%, and Laelaps nuttalli = 3.29%. Among 10 genera/species of identified parasites, at least 8 of them were zoonotic with public health importance. L. nuttalli and N. fasciatus were the only two non-zoonotic detected parasites in this survey.Conclusion: Harboring a wide variety of zoonotic parasites in sampled wild rodents particularly when they live nearby villages, represents a potential risk to native inhabitants. Hence, controlling rodents’ population in residential regions and improving awareness of local people about the risk of disease transmission through rodents seems to be entirely necessary.

References

Azizi K, Davari B, Kalantari M, Fekri S. Gerbillid Rodents Fauna (Muridae: Ger-billinae) and detection of reservoir hosts(s) of Zoonotic Cutaneous Leishmaniasis using a Nested-PCR technique in Jask City in Hormozgan Province. Sci JKurdistan Univ Med Sci. 2011; 16(2): 66-76.

Khaghani R. The economic and health impact of rodent in urban zone and harbors and their control method. J Artesh Univ Med Sci. 2007; 4(4): 1071- 1078.

Rasti S, Moubedi I, Dehghani R, Dorodgar A. A case report on Meggitina gerbilli in Iran. Feyz. 2001; 5(17): 88-92.

Dehghani R. Health pests and Safe Control Methods of Them: 1st ed: Publications of Farmaneshand Kashan University of Medical Sciences; 2011. p.303-386.

Hamedi E, Heydari M, Soleymani A. Intes-tinal parasites and bloodRattus norvegicus Bandar Abbas. Bimonthly Journal of Hor-mozgan University of Medical 2003; 7(3): 123-127.[In Persian]

Eatemad A. Mammals of Iran The first volume of rodents and their diagnostic.Tehran. Publication of the National Association of Protection of Natural Resources and Human Environment.1978. 288 [In Persian]

David G, Baker (Editor). Flynn's Parasites of Laboratory Animals, 2nd Edition. 840 pages, Wiley-Blackwell.2007.

Taylor MA, Coop RL, Wall RL. Veterinary Parasitology, 3rd Edition. 600 pages, Wiley-Blackwell.2007.

Sedaghat MM, Moghaddam A Salahi. Mappingthe distribution of the important rodents reservoir in Iran. J Artesh Univ Med Sci. 2010; 8(3): 210-223.

Moghadam GH, Jamali R, Niyaz Pour F, Nematolahi A. Study of helminth parasites and rodents ectoparasites the city of Tabriz. Journal of Veterinary Research (Tehran University) 2006; 61(3): 265-268. [In Persian]

Rasti S, Moubedi I, Dehghani R, Dorodgar A, Arbabi M.Epidemiology and domestic rat intestinal parasites in Kashan city. Bimonthly Journal of Kashan University of Medical Sciences 1998; 20: 102-108. [In Persian]

Milazzo C, Cagnin M, Bella CD, Geraci F. & Ribas, A. Helminth Fauna of Commensal Rodents, Mus musculus (Linnaeus, 1758) and Rattus rattus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Rodentia, Muridae) in Sicily (Italy). Rev. Ibero-Latinoam. Parasitol. 2010; 69 (2): 194-198.

Kia EB, Shahryary-Rad E, Mohebali M, Mahmoudi M, Mobedi I, et al. Endopara-sites of Rodents and Their Zoonotic Im-portance in Germi, Dashte– Mogan, Ardabil Province, Iran. Iran J Parasitol. 2010; 5(4): 15-20.

Rokni MB. The present status of human helminthic diseases in Iran. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2008; 102(4): 283-295.

Kia EB, Homayouni MM, Farahnak A, Mohebali M, Shojai S. Study of Endopara-sites of Rodents and their Zoonotic Im-portance In Ahvaz, South West Iran. Iran J Public Health. 2001; 30(1-2):49-52.

Gholami Sh, Motevalli-Haghi F, Moabedi I, Shahabi S. Study of helmintic intestinal parasites in the rodents from the rural and central regions of Mazandaran province in the years 1997 to 1999.. Journal of Mazan-daran University of Medical Sciences. 2002; 12(35): 67-73[In Persian]

Bahrami F, Sadraei J, Frozandeh M. Molecular Characterization of Cryptosporidium spp. in WildRats of Tehran, Iran Using 18s rRNA Gene and PCR RFLP Method. Jundishapur J Microbiol. 2012; 5(3): 486-90.

Kváč M, Kestřánová M, Květoňová D, Kotková M, Ortega Y, et al. Cryptosporidium tyzzeri and Cryptosporidium muris originated from wild West-European house mice (Mus musculus domesticus) and East-European house mice (Mus musculus musculus) are non-infectious for pigs. Exp Parasitol. 2012;131(1): 107-110.

Feng Y, YangW, Ryan U, Zhang L, Kváč M, et al. Development of a multilocus sequence tool for typing Cryptosporidium muris and Cryptosporidium andersoni. J Clin Microbiol. 2011; 49(1): 34-41.

Ng-Hublin JS, Singleton GR, Ryan U. Mo-lecular characterization of Cryptosporidium spp. from wild rats and mice from rural communities in the Philippines. Infect Genet Evol. 2013;16: 5-12.

Kamranrashani B, Kia EB, Mobedi I, Mohebali M, ZareiZ, et al. Helminth Para-sites of Rhombomys opimus from Goles-tanProvince,Northeast Iran. Iran J Parasitol. 2013; 8(1): 78-84.

Changbunjong T, Weluwanarak T, Chamsai T, Sedwisai P, Ngamloephochit S, et al. Occurrence of Ectoparasites on Rodents in Sukhothai Province, Northern Thailand. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2010; 41(6):1324-1330.

Pakdel N, Naem S, Rezaei F, Chalehchaleh A. A survey on helminthic infection in mice (Mus musculus) and rats (Rattus norvegicus and Rattus rattus) in Kermanshah, Iran. Vet Res Forum. 2013; 4(2): 105-109.

Nourollahi-Fard SR, Khalili M. PCR-Detection of Coxiella burnetii in Ticks Col-lected from Sheep and Goats in Southeast Iran. Iran J Arthropod Borne Dis. 2011; 5(1): 1-6.

School of public Health and Institute of public Health research. Geographical pa-thology of Iran: Publications of University of Tehran; 1970.

Motevalli-Haghi F, Golami Sh, Sharif M, Moabedi I, Sobhani Z, et al. Study of ro-dents ectoparasites in urban areas of Ma-zandaran province. Iran J Mazandaran Uni Med Sci. 2002; 36(12): 77-78.

Kia EB, Moghddas-Sani H, Hassanpoor H, Vatandoost H, Zahabiun F, et al. Ectoparasites of Rodents Captured in Bandar Abbas, Southern Iran. Iran J Arthropod-Borne Dis. 2009; 3(2): 44-49.

Published
2016-12-21
How to Cite
1.
GHOLIPOURY M, REZAI HR, NAMROODI S, ARAB KHAZAELI F. Zoonotic and Non-zoonotic Parasites of Wild Rodents in Turk-man Sahra, Northeastern Iran. IJPA. 11(3):350-7.
Section
Original Article(s)