Iranian Journal of Parasitology 2016. 11(2):265-268.

Seroepidemiological Study of Toxocariasis in the Owners of Domestic Cats and Dogs in Mashhad, Northeastern Iran
Fariba BERENJI, Ali POURYOUSEF, Abdolmajid FATA, Mahmoud MAHMOUDI, Maryam SALEHI, Javad KHOSHNEGAH

Abstract


Background: Toxocariasis is the clinical terms applied to infection of human with Ascarid nematodes in the order Ascaridida, named Toxocara canis and T. cati. Because in recent years in Iran many people desire to keep pets (cats and dogs), and lacking of seroepidemiological study of toxocariasis in Mashhad, we decided to determine the seroprevalence of toxocariasis among people who own cats and dogs in comparison with control group.

Methods: A serological study for detection antibodies to Toxocara in two groups (93 cat and dog owners and 93 healthy people as control group) was conducted from Feb 2013 to Dec 2013. An ELISA method was employed using determination of IgG antibodies against Toxocara. The serum samples were evaluated for anti-Toxocara antibody, using ELISA technique at Parasitology and Immunology Lab of Imam Reza Hospital of Mashhad. Using a questionnaire, epidemiological factors associated with infection were examined. Data were analyzed using Chi-square test.

Results: The seroprevalence of Toxocara antibodies in the pet owners and control group was respectively 20.43% and 1.07%.  47.3% of pet owners were female.

Conclusion: Presented data showed the significant difference between seroprevalence of toxocariasis among pet owners and control group. Education of society and in particular pet owners consisting of preventing contamination of the environment with Toxocara eggs is advised. 


Keywords


Toxocariasis; Visceral larva migrans; Dog; Cat; ELISA; Iran

Full Text:

PDF

References


Garcia LS, Bruckner DA. Diagnostic medical para-sitology. American Society for Microbiology (ASM); 1997. ISBN 1555811167.

Fallah M. Toxocara canis: infection of stray dogs and visceral larva migrans risk in Hamedan. J Hamedan Uni Med Sci.1995, 2(2):18–22.

Bundy DA, Thompson DE, Robertso BD, Cooper ES. Age-relationships of Toxocara canis seropositivity and geohelminth infection prevalence in two communities in St. Lucia, West Indies. Trop Med Parasitol. 1987; 38(4):309-12.

Moreira –silva SF, Leao ME, Mendonca HF, Pereira FE. Prevalence of anti-Toxocara antibodies in a random sample of patient at children’s hospital in Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brazil. Rev inst med trop Sao Paulo. 1998 ;40(4):259-261.

Worley G, Green JA, Frothingham TE et al. Toxocara canis infection: clinical and epidemiological associations with seropositivity in kindergarten children. J Infect Dis.1984; 149(4): 591-597.

Conde Garcia L, Muro Alvarez A, Simon Martin F. Epidemiological studies on toxocariasis and visceral larva migrans in a zone of western Spain. Ann Trop Med Parasitol.1989; 83 (6): 615-20.

Abo-shehada MN, Sharif L, el-SukhonSN, Ab-uharfeil N, Atmeh RF.Seroprevalence of Toxocara canis antibodies in humans in northern Jordan. J Helminthol. 1992; 66(1): 75-8.

Fallah E, Mahami-Oskouei M, Safaiyan A, Mirsamadi N, Hamzavi F, Mahami-Oskouei L. The effect of keeping pet dogs and cats on tox-ocariasis. Yafteh. 2012; 13 (4):65-71.

Sadjjadi SM, Khosravi M, Mehrabani D, et al. Seroprevalence of Toxocara infection in School children in Shiraz, Southern Iran. J Trop Pediatr. 2000; 46(6):327-30.

Fallah M, Azimi A, Taherkhani H. Seroprevalence of toxocariasis in children aged 1to 9 years in western Islamic Republic of Iran. East Mediterr Health J. 2007; 13(5):1073-1077.

Akhlaghi L, Ourmazdi H, Sarafnia A,Vaziri S, Jadidian K, Leghaii Z. An investigation on the toxocariasis seroprevalance in children (2-12 years old) from Mahidasht area of Kermanshah province (2003-2004). Razi J Med Sci. 2006;13(52): 41-48 .

Nurian A, Amiri M. Seroprevalence of toxocariasis in children 2 to 15 years who were referred to health centers and hospitals in Zanjan province. Med J Social. 2009; 8:131-134.

Núñez CR, Mendoza Martínez GD, Arteaga SY, Martha PM, Patricia BM, Ninfa RD. Prev-alence and Risk Factors Associated with Toxocara canis Infection in Children in the metropolitan area of Mexico City. J Helminthol. 2010;54(3):32-6.

Baboolal S, Rawlins SC. Seroprevalence of toxo-cariasis in schoolchildren in Trinidad. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2002; 96(2):139-43.

Iddawela DR, Kumarasiri PV, de Wijesundera MS. A seroepidemiological study of toxocariasis is and risk factors for infection in children in Srilanka. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2003; 34(1): 7-15.

Berenji F, Haghani M, Fata A, Mahmoudi M, Salehi M. Serological study of toxocariasis in patients with hypereosinophilia referred to educational hospitals of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences. Medical Journal of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, 2015, 58(1):26-31.

Rokni MB, Massoud J, Moulavi GH. Report of 10 cases of visceral larva migrans in Iran. Iran J Public Health. 2000, 29(1-4):61-66.

Emamapour SA, Borji H, Nagibi A. An epide-miological survey on intestinal helminths of stray dogs in Mashhad, Northeast of Iran. J Parasit Dis. 2015; 39(2):266-271.

Mirzayans A, Eslami H, Anwar M, Sanjar M. Gastrointestinal parasite of dogs in Iran. Trop Anim Health Prod. 1972; 4(1): 58-60.

Mohebali M. Parasitism of ownership dogs and public health implications in Iran. Bull Soc Pathol Exot. 1988; 81:94-9.

Berenji F, Movahedi Roudi A, Fata A et al. Soil Contamination with Toxocara Spp. Eggs in Public Parks of Mashhad and Khaf, North East of Iran. Iran J Parasitol. 2015,10(2):286-289.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.