Iranian Journal of Parasitology 2016. 11(2):232-238.

Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitic Infections in Jiroft, Kerman Province, Iran


Background: Intestinal parasitic infections have a worldwide distribution. High prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in individuals with low socioeconomic status and environmental conditions was found. No study has ever been conducted on the prevalence of these infections in Jiroft. Therefore, in this study prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections was evaluated in Jiroft, Kerman Province, Iran.

Methods: A total of 1060 individuals from rural and urban areas of Jiroft were sampled accidentally, during 2013-2014. Fresh stool samples were collected from all individuals and examined by formalin ether concentration and agar plate culture. Direct examination was performed on watery samples.

Results: Out of 1060 individuals, 563 (53.1%) and 497 (46.9%) people were from rural and urban areas, respectively. In general, 297 individuals (28%) were infected with intestinal parasites. The prevalence of infection for protozoa and helminthes infections were 27.4% and 1.8%, respectively. The most prevalent protozoans were Blastocystis hominis (13.7%) and Giardia lamblia (7.8%), and that of helminth was Hymenolepis nana (1.1%).

Conclusion: Intestinal protozoan parasites were more prevalent than helminth parasites. Source of water supply and personal hygiene were important factors in the distribution of parasites in the study area.


Prevalence; Intestinal parasites; Water supply; Iran

Full Text:



Noor Azian M, San Y, Gan C, Yusri M, Nurulsyamzawaty Y, Zuhaizam A, et al. Prevalence of intestinal protozoa in an aborigine community in Pahang, Malaysia. Trop Biomed. 2007; 24(1):55-62.

Lozano R, Naghavi M, Foreman K, Lim S, Shibuya K, Aboyans V, et al. Global and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups in 1990 and 2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet. 2012; 380(9859):2095-128.

Escobedo AA, Cimerman S. Giardia-sis: a pharmacotherapy review. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2007; 8(12):1885-902.

Speich B, Marti H, Ame SM, Ali SM, Bogoch II, Utzinger J, et al. Prevalence of intestinal protozoa infection among school-aged children on Pemba Island, Tanzania, and effect of single-dose albendazole, nitazoxanide and albendazole-nitazoxanide. Parasit Vectors. 2013; 6:3.

Stensvold C, Lewis H, Hammerum AM, Porsbo LJ, Nielsen S, Olsen K, et al. Blastocystis: unravelling potential risk factors and clinical significance of a common but neglected parasite. Epidemiol Infect. 2009; 137(11):1655-63.

Leder K, Hellard ME, Sinclair MI, Fairley CK, Wolfe R. No correlation between clinical symptoms and Blasto-cystis hominis in immunocompetent in-dividuals. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2005; 20(9):1390-4.

Sheehan DJ, Raucher B, Mckitrick JC. Association of Blastocystis hominis with signs and symptoms of human disease. J Clin Microbiol. 1986; 24(4):548-50.

Windsor J, Macfarlane L, Whiteside T, Chalmers R, Thomas A, Joynson D. Blastocystis hominis: a common yet ne-glected human parasite. Brit J Biomed Sci. 2001; 58(2):129.

Bethony J, Brooker S, Albonico M, Geiger SM, Loukas A, Diemert D, et al. Soil-transmitted helminth infec-tions: ascariasis, trichuriasis, and hookworm. Lancet. 2006; 367(9521):1521-32.

Hotez PJ, Fenwick A, Savioli L, Molyneux DH. Rescuing the bottom billion through control of neglected tropical diseases. Lancet. 2009; 373(9674):1570-5.

Boa M, Mukaratirwa S, Willingham AL, Johansen MV. Regional action plan for combating Taenia solium cysticercosis/taeniosis in Eastern and Southern Africa. Acta Trop. 2003; 87(1):183-6.

Carabin H, Krecek R, Cowan L, Mi-chael L, Foyaca‐Sibat H, Nash T, et al. Estimation of the cost of Taenia solium cysticercosis in Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Trop Med Int Health. 2006; 11(6):906-16.

Zoli AP, Shey-Njila O, Nforninwe DN, Speybroeck N, Ito A, Sato MO, et al. Neurocysticercosis and epilepsy in Cameroon. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2003; 97(6):683-6.

Abunna F, Tilahun G, Megersa B, Re-gassa A. Taeniasis and its socio-economic implication in Awassa town and its surroundings, Southern Ethio-pia. East Afr J Public Health. 2007; 4(2):73-9.

Elmahdi I, Ali Q, Magzoub M, Ibra-him A, Saad M, Romig T. Cystic echi-nococcosis of livestock and humans in central Sudan. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2004; 98(5):473-9.

Sheiban J, Rezaian M. Study on intes-tinal protozoa in seven villages of Bandarabass. Iran J Public Health. 1981; 10(1-4):45-54.

Rezaeian M, Saraei M, A survey of the prevalence of human parasites in rural areas of Lahijan. Iran J Public Health.1992; 4(1): 29-35.

Rezaiian M, Hooshyar H.The preva-lence of intestinal parasitic infection in rural areas of Tonekabon, Iran. Iran J Public Health. 1996; 25(3-4):47-58.

Jalayer T, Farid H, Katiraei A. Preva-lence of intestinal parasitic infection in Dorchepiaz , Isfahan. Iran J Public Health.1977; 6(1):9-15.

Daryani EN. Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection in Khuzestan prov-ince. J Gasteros. 2007; 12(4):218-19.

Yoder JS, Beach MJ, Centers for Dis-ease Control and Prevention (CDC). Giardiasis surveillance—United States, 2003–2005. MMWR Surveill Summ. 2007; 56(7):11-8.

Hellard ME, Sinclair MI, Hogg GG, Fairley CK. Prevalence of enteric pathogens among community based asymptomatic individuals. J Gastroen-terol Hepatol. 2000; 15(3):290-3.

Taylor DN, Houston R, Shlim DR, Bhaibulaya M, Ungar BL, Echeverria P. Etiology of diarrhea among travelers and foreign residents in Nepal. JAMA. 1988; 260(9):1245-8.

Zia-Al N, Masood J. A survey of the prevalence of intestinal parasities in the city of Kerman. J Kerman Univ Med Sci. 1996; 3(3):129-34.

Arani AS, Alaghehbandan R, Akhlaghi L, Shahi M, Lari AR. Prevalence of intestinal parasites in a population in south of Tehran, Iran. Rev Inst Med Trop São Paulo. 2008; 50(3):145-9.

Soosaraie M, Pagheh A, Gholami S. Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitic In-fections in Rehabilitation Centers in Golestan Province, Iran. Med Lab J. 2014; 8(1):42-7.

Aza N, Ashley S, Albert J. Parasitic infections in human communities liv-ing on the fringes of the Crocker Range Park Sabah, Malaysia. ASEAN Review of Biodiversity and Environ-mental Conservation (ARBEC). 2003 Jan; 1-4.

Okyay P, Ertug S, Gultekin B, Onen O, Beser E. Intestinal parasites preva-lence and related factors in school children, a western city sample-Turkey. BMC Public Health. 2004; 4:64.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.