Seroprevalence of pediatric malaria in quetta, balochistan, pakistan.
AbstractBackground: Malaria is one of the most devastating protozoal diseases in under developing coun-tries like Pakistan where health facilities are scarce. It is the second most frequently reported disease with 4.5 million suspected cases in Pakistan. The current study was designed to determine the inci-dence of pediatric malaria in Quetta, Balochistan. Methods: The study was conducted at Children Hospital Quetta (CHQ) during July 2011march 2012. Blood samples were collected from 3418 clinically suspected and were evaluated using thin and thick blood films stained with Giemsa stain. Results: Out of 3418 total of 230 (6.72%) children were found positive for any of the malarial para-sitic infestation. Plasmodium vivax was observed to be more common 54.34 % (n= 125/230) than P. falciparum 44.78% (n=103/230). Male children were 65.21% (150/230) i.e. two times more com-monly affected than female 34.78% (80/230) children. The prevalence among age groups was 7.41% (n=89/1200) in preschool-aged children aged 1-5 years, 7.11% (n=75/1054) in school-aged children aged 6—10 years while 6.78% (n=46/678) in 11-15 years-old children, and 6.66% (n=20/300) in >15 year-olds children. Peak prevalence was noted in summer and mild in winter. Mixed infection of (0.86%: 2/230) P. vivax and P. falciparum was also observed in two cases although no case of P. mala-riae or P. ovale infection was seen during entire study. Conclusion: The results reflect the higher prevalence of malaria in Quetta, Pakistan that poses a sig-nificant health threat and requires urgent attention of high-ups to launch programme to control the disease in the area.
Neoh WFJ, Chong KL, Wong CMV, LauTY. Incidence of Malaria in the Interior Division of Sabah, Malaysian Borneo, Based on Nested PCR. J Parasitol Res. 2011; p. 6
Awan ZUR, Jan AH. Rice fields in relation to malaria in District Bannu. Pak J Zool. 2008; 28:11-21.
Oladeinde BH, R Omoregie, M Olley, JA Anunibe, AA Onifade,OB Oladeind. Malaria and Anemia among Children in a Low Re-source Setting in Nigeria. Iranian J Parasitol. 2012; 7 (3); .31-37.
World malaria report: Geneva, World Health Organization, 2011
Tasawer Z, Mannan F, Arif BA, Prevalence of human malaria in Multan. Pak J Med Sci. 2003; 3.123-126
Kondrachine A. Situation analysis of malaria in the province of Punjab. 1-21st September 2008. Islamabad, Pakistan, Country office.
Akbar JU.Malaria in children at children Hos-pital. J Surg Pak. 2002; 7(3): 20-22.
Sheikh AS, Sheikh AA, Sheikh NA, Paracha SM. Endemicity of malaria in Quetta. Pak J Med Res. 2005; 44: 41-5.
Muhammad N, Hussain A. Prevalence of ma-laria in general population of district Buner. J Postgrad Med Inst. 2003; 17(1): 75-80.
Jan AH, Kiani TA. Haematozoan parasites in Kashmiri refugees. Pak J Med Res. 2001; 40: 10-12.
Malaria Control Program Balochistan (MCPB).District-wise surveillance data of MCP Balochistan. Pakistan 2004; p.1.
Yasinzai MI, Kakarsulemankhel JK. Incidence of Malaria infection in rural areas of District Quetta, Pakistan. J Med Sci. 2003; 3: 766-772.
Yasinzai MI, Kakarsulemankhel JK. A study of prevalence of malaria infection in urban ar-eas of district Quetta, Pakistan. Pak J Zool. 2004; 36: 75-79.
Zia RA, Hafiz TAS, Abdul Haleem S, Murad A K. Muhammad S.Malaria Among the Stu-dents of Religious Schools of Bannu District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Pak J Zool. 2012; 44(4) 959-962.
Yasinzai MI, Kakarsulemankhel JK. Preva-lence of Human Malaria Infection in Border-ing Areas of Balochistan with Sindh Province: District Jaffarabad. J Postgrad Med Inst. 2012; 26(3): 277-82.
Idrees M, Sarwar J, Fareed JJ. Pattern of ma-laria infection diagnosed at Ayub Teaching Hospital Abbottabad. J Ayub Med Coll. 2007; 19: 35-36.
Murtaza G, Memon IA, Memon AR, Lal MN, Kallor NA. Malaria morbidity in Sindh and the Plasmodium species distribution. Pak J Med Sci. 2009; 25 (4): 646-649.
Junejo AA, Abbasi KA, Chand H, Abbasi S. Malaria in Children at Children Hospital Chandka Medical College Larkana. MC 2012; 18 (1): 55-57.
Sahar S, Akhtar T, Bilal H, Rana MS. Prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum, Malarial Parasite in Muzaffargarh District, Punjab, Pakistan: a Two year Study. Pak J Sci. 2010; 64: 64-66
Mahmood KH. Malaria in Karachi and other areas in Sindh. Pak Armed Forces Med J. 2005; 55: 345-348.
Farogh A, Qayyum A, Haleem A, Ghaffar A. Hematological Abnormalities in Malaria. Biomedica. 2009; 25: 52–55
Aijaz MS, Murtaza G, Ahmed IR, Zehra H. Frequency of malaria in children with acute febrile illness. A hospital based study. Med Channel. 2010; 16 (1): 111-113.
Yar HM, Masood K, Maqbool A, Malik GQ. Prevalence of malarial parasite species in Mul-tan district. The Professional.1998; 5:183-187.