Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in Sheep, Cattle and Horses in Urmia North-West of Iran

  • S Raeghi Dept. of Basic Sciences, School of Medicine, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran &Zoonotic Diseases Research Center, North Khorasan university of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran
  • A Akaberi Dept. of Social Medicine, School of Medicine, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran
  • S Sedeghi Zoonotic Diseases Research Center, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran
Keywords: MAT, Prevalence, Toxoplasma gondii, Iran

Abstract

Background: Toxoplasma gondii is a zoonotic protozoan parasite found worldwide and responsi­ble for major economic losses in most classes of livestock. This study was aimed to deter­mine the prevalence of T. gondii infection in sheep, cattle and horses in Urmia, north-west of Iran, using MAT.Methods: Blood samples of 276 livestock and 26 horses were collected from July 2009 till April 2010. The data were analyzed by the Chi-square, Fisher's Exact and Cochran's and Mantel-Haen­s­zel Tests. The level of significance was set at P < 0.05.Results: Thirty-three (21.1%) sheep, 2 (1.6%) cattle and 3 (11.5%) horses were seropositive to T. gondii. Analysis showed that sheep were 15 times more likely to be seropositive comparing to cattle also 2 times more likely to be seropositive than horses.Conclusion: This study showed seroprevalence of equine T. gondii infection with a considerable rate in sheep in Urmia, northwest of Iran. More comprehensive studies on livestock toxoplasmo­sis are required for further analysis of the parasite reservoir for human infection.

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How to Cite
1.
Raeghi S, Akaberi A, Sedeghi S. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in Sheep, Cattle and Horses in Urmia North-West of Iran. Iran J Parasitol. 6(4):90-94.
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