Brain Parenchyma (pons) Involvement by Visceral Leishmaniasis: A Case Report

  • Moslem SEDAGHATTALAB Dept. of Internal Medicine, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran
  • Arsalan AZIZI Dept. of Pathology, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran
Keywords: Brain, Pons, Leishmaniasis, Visceral

Abstract

Leishmaniasis, as a vector-borne disease, is transmitted by sandfly and caused by Leishmania protozoa. Brain involvement rarely occurs in visceral leishmaniasis. In this paper, a rare case of pons involvement by visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is reported. A 54 yr old man from Southwest of Iran (Yasuj) presented to the Emergency Ward with a 3-wk history of headache (continuous, throbbing, and general), fever, chills, weakness, anorexia, and weight loss.

References

Shyam Sundar. leishmaniasis. In: Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. Longo DL, Kasper DL, Jameson JL, Fauci AS, Hauser SL, Loscalzo J, eds., 19th edition, New York, Mc Graw Hill, 2015: 1387.

Mohebali M. Visceral leishmaniasis in Iran: Review of the Epidemiological and Clinical Features. Iran J Parasitol. 2013; 8(3):348-58.

Heydarpour F, Sari AA, Mohebali M et al. Incidence and Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYS) Attributable to Leishmaniasis in Iran, 2013. Ethiop J Health Sci. 2016; 26(4):381-8.

Mohebali M, Edrissian GH, Nadim A et al. Application of direct agglutination test (DAT) for the diagnosis and seroepide-miological studies of visceral leishmaniasis in Iran. Iran J Parasitol. 2006; 1:15-25.

Diniz LM, Duani H, Freitas CR et al. Neurological involvement in visceral leishmaniasis: case report. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop. 2010;43(6):743-5.

Maia CS, Monteiro MC, Gavioli EC et al. Neurological disease in human and canine leishmaniasis–clinical features and immunopathogenesis. Parasite Immunol. 2015;37(8):385-93.

Hashim FA, Ahmed AE, el Hassan M et al. Neurologic changes in visceral leishmaniasis. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1995; 52(2):149-54.

Baetas-da-Cruz W, Corte-Real S, Cavalcante LA. Schwann cells as putative safe host cells for Leishmania amazonensis. Int J Infect Dis. 2009;13(5):e323-4.

Llanos-Cuentas A, Valencia BM, Petersen CA. Neurological manifestations of human leishmaniasis. Handb Clin Neurol. 2013; 114:193-8.

How to Cite
1.
SEDAGHATTALAB M, AZIZI A. Brain Parenchyma (pons) Involvement by Visceral Leishmaniasis: A Case Report. IJPA. 13(1):145-8.
Section
Case Report(s)