Iranian Journal of Parasitology 2018. 13(1):108-113.

The Prevalence of Trichomoniasis in Women Referred to Clin-ical Centers in South of Tehran, Iran during 2015-2016
Akram AZAMBAKHTIAR, Bahram NIKMANESH, Mostafa REZAEIAN, Nasrin DASHTI, Fatemeh SAFARI, Mitra ZAREBAVANI

Abstract


Background: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of trichomoniasis infection among females in Tehran, Iran.

Methods: This study was conducted on 482 women referred to the 6 obstetrics and gynecology centers of Tehran during 2015-2016. Some information including education, occupation, and number of sexual partners was obtained and clinical signs and symptoms of the genital tract were diagnosed by clinical examination. Two swabs were collected from the posterior fornix of patients. Two laboratory techniques, wet mount, and culture were carried out. Finally, statistical analysis test was performed using SPSS software version 16.0.

Results: Age distribution of patients was 15-60 yr. Trichomonas vaginalis was detected in 2 out of 482 participants (0.41%). All of the infected individuals were married (0.43%) and they had unique sexual partner and all of them had clinical symptoms. Significant association was observed between incidence of T. vaginalis infection and educational levels (P= 0.03), occupation (P=0.006), clinical symptoms (P=0.001), marriage (P=0.006) and bacterial infection (P=0.018).

Conclusion: The prevalence of trichomoniasis was low and its incidence was associated with several risk factors.


Keywords


Trichomonas vaginalis; Prevalence; Risk factors; Iran

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