Trypanosoma evansi and “Candidatus Mycoplasma haemolamae” Co-Infection in One-Humped Camel (Camelus dromedarius) from the Northwest of Iran: A Case Report

  • Bijan ESMAEILNEJAD Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
  • Aram SAADI Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
  • Bahram DALIR-NAGHADEH Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
  • Awat SAMIEI Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
  • Vahid MOHAMMADI Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
  • Ali PIRNEJAD-TALATAPEH Central Laboratory, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
  • Shahin EHTESHAMFAR Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
Keywords: Dromedary camel, Trypanosoma, Mycoplasma, PCR, Iran

Abstract

A 4-year-old male one-humped camel (Camelus dromedarius) was referred to Veterinary Teaching Hospital of Urmia University, Iran in 2017 with anorexia, weakness, depression and pale mucosa. Decreased red blood cell count, packed cell volume and hemoglobin concentration were detected by complete blood cell count. In Giemsa-stained peripheral blood smears Trypanosoma spp. trypomastigotes scattered between erythrocytic spaces and Mycoplasma-like organisms were observed attached to the surface of erythrocytes. Species-specific PCR assay confirmed T. evansi and Candidatus Mycoplasma haemolamae (CMhl) co-infection. Administration of diminazene aceturate, oxytetracycline 20%, flunixin meglumine and phosphorus-vitamin B12 were not effective in treatment. Hemoplasmosis should be considered as an important differential diagnosis of conditions associated with hemolytic anemia in camel.

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Published
2019-06-19
How to Cite
1.
ESMAEILNEJAD B, SAADI A, DALIR-NAGHADEH B, SAMIEI A, MOHAMMADI V, PIRNEJAD-TALATAPEH A, EHTESHAMFAR S. Trypanosoma evansi and “Candidatus Mycoplasma haemolamae” Co-Infection in One-Humped Camel (Camelus dromedarius) from the Northwest of Iran: A Case Report. Iran J Parasitol. 14(2):347-351.
Section
Case Report(s)