Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitic Infections among Mentally Disabled Children and Adults of Urmia, Iran
AbstractBackground: The prevalence of intestinal parasites infection in institutions for mental retardation of Urmia City, West Azerbaijan Province, Iran was investigated.Methods: This descriptive - cross sectional study was carried out in of Urmia city in 2007-2008. Fecal samples of 225 less than 29 year old mentally disabled individuals were examined using direct smear, formalin - ether concentration. Beside their scotch tape samples were observed for Enterobius eggs. Statistical evaluation was performed by SPSS 10.Results: Of 225 mentally retarded persons, 118(52.4%) and 107(47.6%) were female and male. The overall prevalence of infection was 20.4% and that of male, and female were 20.5% and 20.3%, respectively. 17.3% of examined individuals had protozoa infection and 3.1% showed Enterobius vermicularis eggs. The infection rates of detected intestinal protozoa were Entamoeba coli 9.7%, Giardia lamblia 6.2%, Iodoamoeba butschlii 5.7%, Blastocystis hominis 4%, and Entamoeba histolytica/dispar 0.4%. Forty percent of 1-5 year, 22.8% of 6-14 year, 22.2% of 15-18 year, and 16.8% of more than 18-year age groups, had positive results in their tests. According to IQ test results, 23.8% of less than 25 score group, 19.6% of 25-50, 17.2% of 50-75, and 40% of 75-90 groups were infected.Conclusion: More efforts for increasing sanitation level and prompt diagnosis and treatment of infected persons in these institutions are necessary.
Bundy D, Hall A, Medley G. Evaluating measures to control intestinal parasitic infection. World Health State. 1995; 45.
Markell EK, Voge M. Medical parasitiolgy. 9th ed. Philadelphia : sanders Elsevier; 2006.
Mandell, Douglas, Bennet. Principles and practice of infectious diseases. 6th ed. USA: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone; 2005.
World Health Organization. Basic Laboratory Methods in Medical Parazitology. Geneva; 1991.
Gatti S, Lopes R, Cevini C, Ijaoba B, Bruno A, Bernuzzi AM. Intestinal parasitic infections in an institution for the mentally retarded. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2000; 94(5): 453–460.
Schupf N, Ortiz M, Kapell D, Kiely M, Rudelli RD. Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among individuals with mental retardation in New York state. Ment Retard. 1995; 33(2): 84-89.
Lee J, Park GM, Lee DH, Park SJ, Yong TS. Intestinal parasite infections at an institution for the handicapped in Korea. Korean Y Parasitol. 2000; 38(3): 179-181.
Mohamed NH, Salem SA, Azab ME et al. Parasitic infections associated with mental retardation in Egypt. J Egypt Soc Parasitol. 1991; 21(2): 319-331.
Kim BJ, Ock MS, Chung DI, Yong TS, Lee KJ. The intestinal parasite infection status of inhabitants in the Roxas city, The Philippines . Korean J Parasitol. 2003; 41(2): 113- 115.
Saidi Jam M, Sajjadi SM. Study of the parasitic infections of school children in rural areas of Hamadan. Sci J Hamadan Univ Med Sci & Health Services. 2001; 21(8): 41-36.
Baghaei M, Pestechian N, Alavi Z. The prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection among normal and mentally disabled students in Isfahan. J Res Med Sci. 1999; 2-3(4): 62- 65.
Saksirisampant W, Nuchprayoon S, Wiwanitkit V, Yenthakam S, Ampavasiri A. Intestinal parasitic infestations among children in an orphanage in Pathum Thani Province. J Med Assoc Thai, 2003; 86 (suppl 2): 263-270.
Baldo ET, Belizario VY, DeLeon WU, Kong HH, Chung DI. Infection status of intestinal parasites in children living in residential institutions in Metro Manila, the Philippines. Kroean jParasitol. 2004; 42(2): 67-70.
Uner A, Ozansoy S, Hazrati Tappeh K, Guruz Y. A research study of intestinal parasites among children in Karsiyaka orphanage Izmir, Turkey. 8th International Congress of Parasitology, Izmir – Turkey. 1994.
Rokni MB. The present status of human helminthic diseases in Iran. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2008; 102(4): 283-295.