Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitic Infections among Mentally Disabled Children and Adults of Urmia, Iran

  • Kh Hazrati Tappeh Dept. Of Parasitology & Mycology, Faculty of Medicine, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
  • H Mohammadzadeh Dept. Of Parasitology & Mycology, Faculty of Medicine, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
  • R Nejad Rahim Infectious disease specialist, Dept. Of Infectious Disease, Taleghani Hospital, Urmia Medical University, Urmia, Iran
  • A Barazesh Dept. Of Parasitology & Mycology, Faculty of Medicine, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
  • Sh Khashaveh Dept. Of Parasitology & Mycology, Faculty of Medicine, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
  • H Taherkhani Dept. Of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Golestan Medical University, Gorgan, Iran
Keywords: Intestinal parasites, Mental Retardation, Prevalence, Iran

Abstract

Background: The prevalence of intestinal parasites infection in institutions for mental retarda­tion of Ur­mia City, West Azerbaijan Province, Iran was investigated.Methods: This descriptive - cross sectional study was carried out in of Urmia city in 2007-2008. Fecal samples of 225 less than 29 year old mentally disabled individu­als were examined using direct smear, formalin - ether concen­tration. Beside their scotch tape samples were observed for Enterobius eggs. Statisti­cal evaluation was per­formed by SPSS 10.Results: Of 225 mentally retarded persons, 118(52.4%) and 107(47.6%) were female and male. The over­all prevalence of infection was 20.4% and that of male, and female were 20.5% and 20.3%, respectively. 17.3% of examined individuals had protozoa infection and 3.1% showed Entero­bius vermicularis eggs. The infection rates of detected intestinal protozoa were Enta­moeba coli 9.7%, Giardia lamblia 6.2%, Io­doamoeba butschlii 5.7%, Blastocystis hominis 4%, and Entamoeba histolytica/dispar 0.4%. Forty per­cent of 1-5 year, 22.8% of 6-14 year, 22.2% of 15-18 year, and 16.8% of more than 18-year age groups, had positive results in their tests. Accord­ing to IQ test results, 23.8% of less than 25 score group, 19.6% of 25-50, 17.2% of 50-75, and 40% of 75-90 groups were infected.Conclusion: More efforts for increasing sanitation level and prompt diagnosis and treat­ment of infected persons in these institutions are necessary.

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How to Cite
1.
Hazrati Tappeh K, Mohammadzadeh H, Nejad Rahim R, Barazesh A, Khashaveh S, Taherkhani H. Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitic Infections among Mentally Disabled Children and Adults of Urmia, Iran. Iran J Parasitol. 5(2):60-64.
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